Social Justice

Social justice is justice exercised within a society, particularly as it is exercised by and among the various social classes of that society.

A socially just society is based on the principles of equality and solidarity, understands and values human rights, and recognizes the dignity of every human being. Social justice is based on the concepts of human rights and equality and involves a greater degree of economic egalitarianism through progressive taxation, income redistribution, or even property redistribution. These policies aim to achieve what developmental economists refer to as more equality of opportunity than may currently exist in some societies, and to manufacture equality of outcome in cases where incidental inequalities appear in a procedurally just system. The Constitution of the International Labour Organization affirms that "universal and lasting peace can be established only if it is based upon social justice." Furthermore, the Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action treats social justice as a purpose of the human rights education.

The term and modern concept of "social justice" was coined by the Jesuit Luigi Taparelli in 1840 based on the teachings of St. Thomas Aquinas and given further exposure in 1848 by Antonio Rosmini-Serbati. The word has taken on a very controverted and variable meaning, depending on who is using it. The idea was elaborated by the moral theologian John A. Ryan, who initiated the concept of a living wage. Father Coughlin also used the term in his publications in the 1930s and the 1940s. It is a part of Catholic social teaching, the Protestants' Social Gospel, and is one of the Four Pillars of the Green Party upheld by green parties worldwide. Social justice as a secular concept, distinct from religious teachings, emerged mainly in the late twentieth century, influenced primarily by philosopher John Rawls. Some tenets of social justice have been adopted by those on the left of the political spectrum.

Read more about Social Justice:  Social Justice Movements, Periodicals and Publications

Other articles related to "social justice, justice, social":

Social Justice - Periodicals and Publications
... secondo la giustizia sociale "The Constitution under Social Justice" was translated into English in 2006 by Alberto Mingardi ... This work of political philosophy links representative justice to territorial property rights held in trust by a monarch, and asserts a social justice of no taxation without representation ... Social Justice was also the name of a periodical published by Father Coughlin in the 1930s and early 1940s ...
Mona Weissmark - Main Work - Psychology of Justice - Institute For Social Justice Studies
... thanks to a generous gift, she created the Institute for Social Justice Studies in Chicago and remained director until 2004 ... The Institute sponsored social science research on social justice, diversity, discrimination, among other issues, and organized guest lectures, seminars and ...
Seattle Journal For Social Justice
... The Seattle Journal for Social Justice is a peer-reviewed student-edited law journal of the Seattle University School of Law ... Each issue typically includes three or four articles concerning social justice issues written by outside authors, as well as two to three student-written articles ... The journal has published issues with articles on wide-ranging social justice themes such as civil liberties after September 11, the resistors of Japanese-Am ...
Spatial Justice: A Spatial Turn in The Claim For Social Justice?
... Space being a fundamental dimension of human societies, social justice is embedded in it ... of interactions between space and societies is essential to the understanding of social injustices and to a reflection on planning policies that aims at reducing them ... This reflection can be guided by the concept of spatial justice, which ties Social Justice with space ...
San Diego Toreros Women's Basketball - Schools and Programs - Joan B. Kroc School of Peace Studies - Social Justice, Ethics, and Spirituality Related Programs
... USD is committed to addressing issues of social justice, ethics and spirituality ... of Arts and Sciences), the Romero Center, the Social Issues Committee, the Trans-Border Institute, University Ministry and the Values Institute ...

Famous quotes containing the words justice and/or social:

    Justice to my readers compels me to admit that I write because I have nothing to do; justice to myself induces me to add that I will cease to write the moment I have nothing to say.
    —C.C. (Charles Caleb)

    [In early adolescence] she becomes acutely aware of herself as a being perceived by others, judged by others, though she herself is the harshest judge, quick to list her physical flaws, quick to undervalue and under-rate herself not only in terms of physical appearance but across a wide range of talents, capacities and even social status, whereas boys of the same age will cite their abilities, their talents and their social status pretty accurately.
    Terri Apter (20th century)