The Short S.25 Sunderland was a British flying boat patrol bomber developed for the Royal Air Force (RAF) by Short Brothers. It took its service name from the town (latterly, city) and port of Sunderland in northeast England.
Based in part upon the S.23 Empire flying boat, the flagship of Imperial Airways, the S.25 was extensively re-engineered for military service. It was one of the most powerful and widely used flying boats throughout the Second World War, and was involved in countering the threat posed by German U-boats in the Battle of the Atlantic. RAF Sunderlands also saw service throughout the Korean War and continued in service until 1959. It also took part in the Berlin airlift. Sunderlands remained in service with the Royal New Zealand Air Force (RNZAF) until 1967.
Sunderlands converted for civil use, known as Short Sandringhams, continued in airline operation until 1974. A single airworthy example remains on display in Florida.
Other articles related to "short sunderland":
... General characteristics Crew 9—11 (two pilots, radio operator, navigator, engineer, bomb-aimer, three to five gunners) Length 85 ft 4 in (26.0 m) Wingspan 112 ft 9½ in (34.39 m) Height 32 ft 10½ in (10 m) Wing area 1,487 ft² (138 m²) Empty weight 34,500 lb (15,663 kg) Loaded weight 58,000 lb (26,332 kg) Powerplant 4 × Bristol Pegasus XVIII nine-cylinder radial engine, 1,065 hp (794 kW) each Performance Maximum speed 210 mph (336 km/h) at 6,500 ft (2,000 m) Cruise speed 178 mph (285 km/h) at 5,000 ft (1,500 m) Stall speed 78 mph (125 km/h) Range 1,780 mi (2,848 km) Service ceiling 16,000 ft (4,880 m) Rate of climb 720 ft/min (3.67 m/s) Wing loading 39 lb/ft² (191 kg/m²) Power/mass.018 hp/lb (.030 kW/kg) Armament Guns 16× 0.303 inch (7.7 mm) Browning machine guns 2× Browning 0.5 inch (12.7 mm) machine gun Bombs various defensive and offensive munitions, including bombs, mines and depth charges carried internally and, some, winched out beneath the wings ... Manually launched flares, sea markers and smoke-floats ...
... data from From To Aircraft Version April 1942 May 1943 Short Sunderland Mk.II August 1942 June 1945 Short Sunderland Mk.III February 1945 June 1945 Short Sunderland Mk.V ...
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