Semantics

Semantics (from Greek: sēmantikós) is the study of meaning. It focuses on the relation between signifiers, such as words, phrases, signs, and symbols, and what they stand for, their denotata.

Linguistic semantics is the study of meaning that is used to understand human expression through language. Other forms of semantics include the semantics of programming languages, formal logics, and semiotics.

The word semantics itself denotes a range of ideas, from the popular to the highly technical. It is often used in ordinary language to denote a problem of understanding that comes down to word selection or connotation. This problem of understanding has been the subject of many formal enquiries, over a long period of time, most notably in the field of formal semantics. In linguistics, it is the study of interpretation of signs or symbols as used by agents or communities within particular circumstances and contexts. Within this view, sounds, facial expressions, body language, and proxemics have semantic (meaningful) content, and each has several branches of study. In written language, such things as paragraph structure and punctuation have semantic content; in other forms of language, there is other semantic content.

The formal study of semantics intersects with many other fields of inquiry, including lexicology, syntax, pragmatics, etymology and others, although semantics is a well-defined field in its own right, often with synthetic properties. In philosophy of language, semantics and reference are closely connected. Further related fields include philology, communication, and semiotics. The formal study of semantics is therefore complex.

Semantics contrasts with syntax, the study of the combinatorics of units of a language (without reference to their meaning), and pragmatics, the study of the relationships between the symbols of a language, their meaning, and the users of the language.

In international scientific vocabulary semantics is also called semasiology.

Read more about Semantics:  Linguistics, Computer Science, Psychology

Other articles related to "semantics, semantic":

Semantics - Psychology
... In psychology, semantic memory is memory for meaning – in other words, the aspect of memory that preserves only the gist, the general significance, of remembered experience – while ... the relationships among words themselves in a semantic network ... This may then create a vertically heterogeneous semantic net for certain words in an otherwise homogeneous culture ...
Levels Of Knowing And Existence - Reviews
... The extant reviews of the text are primarily from proponents of general semantics and experts in the field and are invariably favorable ... in general to the theories of general semantics usually focus their criticism on the founder Alfred Korzybski and his publications ... Pula, the one-time Director Emeritus of the Institute of General Semantics, stated that he believed Levels of Knowing and Existence "may be the best 'middle level' text in general semantics." Mr ...
Site Screen
... SiteScreen is an online semantic advertising technology, developed by Crystal Semantics Limited, an UK-based developer of semantic technology for use by ... Emediate and Crystal Semantics are both subsidiaries of ad pepper media International N.V ... SiteScreen applies the principles of semantics to online advertising with solutions to block the placement of advertisements alongside internet content that could be seen as being ...
Semiotic Anthropology
... (which may be called anthropological semantics), which was later resumed by John Rupert Firth ... Anthropological approaches to semantics are alternative to the three major types of semantics approaches linguistic semantics, logical semantics, and General semantics ... Other independent approaches to semantics are philosophical semantics and psychological semantics ...