The Arabic term aṣ-Ṣaḥāba (Arabic: الصحابة‎, "the companions"; from the verb صَحِبَ, "accompany", "keep company with", "associate with") refers to the companions, disciples, scribes and family of the Islamic prophet Muhammad. This form is definite plural; the indefinite singular is masculine ṣaḥābiyy, feminine ṣaḥābiyyah.

Later scholars accepted their testimony of the words and deeds of Muhammad, the occasions on which the Qur'an was revealed and various important matters of Islamic history and practice. The testimony of the companions, as it was passed down through chains of trusted narrators (isnads), was the basis of the developing Islamic tradition. From the traditions (hadith) of the life of Muhammad and his companions are drawn the Muslim way of life (sunnah), the code of conduct (sharia) it requires and the jurisprudence (fiqh) by which Muslim communities should be regulated. The two largest Islamic denominations, the Sunni and Shi'a, take different approaches in weighing the value of the companions' testimony, have different hadith collections and, as a result, have different constructed views about the Sahabah.

Read more about Sahaba:  Definitions, In The Qur'an, Tradition, See Also

Other articles related to "sahaba":

List Of Sahaba - Shi'a Critique of The Sahaba
... However there is a general consensus on an approximate view of each Sahaba ... Shi'as can in general be expected to have a certain view on each Sahaba after having understood what relevant actions the specific Sahaba have accomplished during his or her life ... both are within the Sunni doctrines that claim the uprightness of all Sahaba and go to heaven ...
Tabi‘in - Sunni View
... Sunni Muslims also regard the Tabi‘un as the best generation after the Sahaba ... by most Muslim scholars into three classes The students of Sahaba who accepted Islam before the conquest of Makkah The students of Sahaba who accepted Islam after the conquest of ...
Sahaba - See Also
... Shia view of the Sahaba List of Sahaba List of non-Arab Sahaba Muadh ibn Jabal Munzir ibn Sawa Al Tamimi — became Muslim, but not a Sahaba ...
Sipah-e-Muhammad Pakistan - Formation
... One of the organizations that arose in this period was the Sipah-e-Sahaba, a Wahabi Deobandi-supremacist militant group that considered the Shiite minority to be non-Mu ... The Wahabi Militia Sipah-e-Sahaba targeted Shiite mosques, community leaders, as well as Iranian visitors and diplomats ... that organization was not encouraging a violent response to the Sipah-e-Sahaba's attacks ...