Roman Roads in Britain

Roman Roads In Britain

Roman roads, together with Roman aqueducts and the vast standing Roman army, constituted the three most impressive features of the Roman Empire. In Britain, as in their other provinces, the Romans constructed a comprehensive network of paved trunk roads (i.e. surfaced highways) during their nearly four centuries of occupation (43 - 410 AD). This article focuses on the ca. 2,000 mi (3,200 km) of Roman roads in Britain shown on the Ordnance Survey's Map of Roman Britain. This contains the most accurate and up-to-date layout of certain and probable routes that is readily available to the general public.

The pre-Roman Britons used mostly unpaved trackways for their communications, including very ancient ones running along elevated ridges of hills, such as the South Downs Way, now a public long-distance footpath. By the first century BC, they had begun engineering roads. After the Roman invasion, the road network was expanded. Roman roads were surveyed and built from scratch, with the aim of connecting key points by the most direct possible route. The roads were all paved, to permit even heavy freight-wagons to be used in all seasons and weather.

Most of the known network was complete by 180 AD. Its primary function was to allow the rapid movement of troops and military supplies, but it also provided vital infrastructure for trade and the transport of goods.

Roman roads remained in use as core trunk roads for centuries after the Romans withdrew from Britain in 410 AD. Systematic construction of paved highways did not resume in England until the 18th century.

Read more about Roman Roads In Britain:  Key Routes, Historical Development, Construction and Maintenance, Archaeological Evidence, Post-Roman Legacy, Table of Roman Roads By Saxon Name

Other articles related to "roman roads in britain, roman, romans, road":

Roman Roads In Britain - Table of Roman Roads By Saxon Name
... their counterparts in Italy and some of the Roman provinces, the original names of Roman roads in Britain are not known due to a lack of written and inscribed evidence ... Instead, there are a number of names ascribed to them by the Anglo-Saxons during the post-Roman era (the "Dark Ages") ... But the Romans may well have regarded the first section - Dover to London - as a separate road with a different name from the second section ...

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