Roman Britain

Roman Britain, referred to by the Romans as Britannia, was the part of the island of Great Britain controlled by the Roman Empire from 43 until c. 410.

This Roman imperial province eventually comprised all of the island of Great Britain south of the fluid frontier with Caledonia (Scotland). Before the Roman invasion, begun in 43, Iron Age Britain already had established cultural and economic links with Continental Europe, but the Roman invaders introduced new developments in agriculture, urbanisation, industry and architecture. Beyond the first few decades after the initial invasion, Roman historians generally mention Britannia only in passing. Thus, most knowledge of Roman Britain has derived from archaeological investigations, and the epigraphic evidence lauding the Britannic achievements of an Emperor of Rome, such as Hadrian (r. 117–38) and Antoninus Pius (r. 138–61), whose walls demarcated the northern borders of Roman Britain.

The first extensive Roman campaigns in Britain were by the armies of Julius Caesar in 55 and in 54 BC, but the first significant campaign of conquest did not begin until AD 43, in the reign of the Emperor Claudius. Following the conquest of the native Britons, a distinctive Romano-British culture emerged under provincial government, which, despite steadily extended territorial control northwards, was never able to exert definite control over Caledonia. The Romans demarcated the northern border of Britannia with Hadrian's Wall, completed around the year 128. Fourteen years later, in 142, the Romans extended the Britannic frontier northwards, to the Forth-Clyde line, where they constructed the Antonine Wall, but, after approximately twenty years, they then retreated to the border of Hadrian's Wall. Around the year 197, Rome divided Britannia into two provinces, Britannia Superior and Britannia Inferior; sometime after 305, Britannia was further divided, and made into an imperial diocese. For much of the later period of the Roman occupation, Britannia was subject to barbarian invasions and often came under the control of imperial usurpers and pretenders to the Roman Emperorship.

Most Romans departed from Britain around the year 410, which began the sub-Roman period (5th–6th centuries), but the legacy of the Roman Empire was felt for centuries in Britain.

Read more about Roman Britain:  Environmental Changes, Legacy

Other articles related to "roman britain, britain, romans, roman":

Roman Britain - Legacy
... During their occupation of Britain the Romans built an extensive network of roads which continued to be used in later centuries and many are still followed today ... The Romans also built water supply, sanitation and sewage systems ... Many of Britain's major cities, such as London (Londinium), Manchester (Mamucium) and York (Eburacum), were founded by the Romans ...
Hoxne Hoard - Items Discovered - Coins
... The most significant coin find from the end of Roman Britain, the hoard contains all major denominations of coinage of the time, and many examples of ... The only find from Roman Britain with a larger number of gold coins was the Eye Hoard found in 1780 or 1781, for which there are poor records ... Larger hoards of Roman coins have been found at Misrata, Libya and reputedly also at Evreux, France (100,000 coins) and Komin, Croatia (300,000 coins) ...
Historical Films - Films Set in Antiquity (until The Fall of The Roman Empire in The West)
... See also List of films based on Greco-Roman mythology See also List of films set in ancient Rome See also List of films based on the Bible Sortable table Title Release date Time period Notes on setting La Donna dei ... of king Ahab Io, Semiramide 810 ... BC Assyria King Lear 800 ... BC Celtic pre-Roman Britain King Lear 800 ... BC Celtic pre-Roman Britain Romolo e Remo 753 ... BC based. 750 BC early Roman foundation myth Orazi e Curiazi 1961 c ...
Timeline Of The British Isles - Iron Age - Roman Britain
... From 40 CE through to c.410 CE, southern Britain was a part of the Roman Empire, with archaeologists referring to this area as "Roman Britain", and this time span the "Romano-British period ... During the early occupation of Britain, the Celtic tribes and Kingdoms rebelled against the Invasion giving rise to Historical figures such as ... all the Celtic and Briton peoples were defeated and the Roman occupation became settled ...

Famous quotes containing the words britain and/or roman:

    The only reason I might go to the funeral is to make absolutely sure that he’s dead.
    —“An Eminent Editor” Of Press Baron. Quoted in Anthony Sampson, Anatomy of Britain Today, ch. 9 (1965)

    I cannot call Riches better than the baggage of virtue. The Roman word is better, impedimenta. For as the baggage is to an army, so is riches to virtue. It cannot be spared nor left behind, but it hindereth the march; yea and the care of it sometimes loseth or disturbeth the victory.
    Francis Bacon (1561–1626)