Quebec (i/kwɪˈbɛk/ or /kəˈbɛk/; French: Québec ), also Québec, Quebec City or Québec City (French: Ville de Québec), is the capital of the Canadian province of Quebec. As of 2011, the city has a population of 516,622, and the metropolitan area has a population of 765,706, making it the second most populous city in Quebec after Montreal, which is about 233 kilometres (145 mi) to the southwest.
The narrowing of the Saint Lawrence River proximate to the city's promontory, Cap-Diamant (Cape Diamond), and Lévis, on the opposite bank, provided the name given to the city, Kébec, an Algonquin word meaning "where the river narrows". Founded in 1608 by Samuel de Champlain, Quebec City is one of the oldest cities in North America. The ramparts surrounding Old Quebec (Vieux-Québec) are the only remaining fortified city walls that still exist in the Americas north of Mexico, and were declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1985 as the 'Historic District of Old Québec'.
According to the federal and provincial governments, Québec is the city's official name in both French and English, although Quebec City (or its French equivalent, Ville de Québec) is commonly used, particularly to distinguish the city from the province. The city's most famous landmark is the Château Frontenac, a hotel which dominates the skyline. The National Assembly of Quebec (provincial legislature), the Musée national des beaux-arts du Québec (National Museum of Fine Arts of Quebec), and the Musée de la civilisation (Museum of Civilization) are found within or near Vieux-Québec.
Other articles related to "quebec city, quebec":
... Born in Quebec City, Anne Vallée completed in 1979 a bachelor degree in biology at Laval University and took graduate studies at the University of British Columbia. 45 scholarships have been awarded to students researchers from Quebec and/or British Columbia universities ... street names harmonization following the fusion of suburbs with Quebec City, the Quebec City administration accepted the proposal of a group of citizens to ...
... List of historic buildings in Quebec City Building Year Completed Builder Source Location Image Citadelle of Quebec 1820 and 1831 Royal Engineer and Lieutenant Colonel ... Andrew's Church (Quebec City) 1810 Château Frontenac 1898 Bruce Price United States Clarendon Hotel 1858 Parliament Building (Quebec) 1877-1873 Eugène-Étienne Taché Chateau del la ...
... Edward Island Charlottetown Nova Scotia Springhill, Truro, Sydney, Halifax Quebec Montreal, Quebec City, Saint-Hyacinthe, Rimouski, Drummondville Ontario Ottawa, Brockville, Royal Military College of. 1954 7/29 – 8/17 The Duke of Edinburgh Quebec Ontario Ottawa British Columbia Vancouver British Empire and Commonwealth Games, developments in Northern ...
Famous quotes containing the word city:
“half-way up the hill, I see the Past
Lying beneath me with its sounds and sights,
A city in the twilight dim and vast,
With smoking roofs, soft bells, and gleaming lights,
And hear above me on the autumnal blast
The cataract of Death far thundering from the heights.”
—Henry Wadsworth Longfellow (18091882)