Proportionality

Proportionality may refer to:

  • Proportionality (mathematics), the relationship of two variables whose ratio is constant
  • Proportionality (law), A legal principle under municipal law in which the punishment of a certain crime should be in proportion to the severity of the crime itself, and under international law an important consideration when assessing the military necessity of an attack on a military objective
  • Proportionality (political maxim), A maxim which states that any layer of government should not take any action that exceeds that which is necessary to achieve the objective of government

Proportion redirects here. Proportion may refer to:

  • The ratio of one quantity to another, especially the ratio of a part compared to a whole. In a mathematical context, a proportion is the statement of equality between two ratios.
  • Proportion (architecture) describes the relationships between elements of a design
  • Body proportions, in art, are the study of relation of human body parts to each other and the whole
  • Proportions, or geometric aspect ratio

Proportional redirects here. Proportional may refer to:

  • Proportional (fair division) means that each of players thinks that they received of the cake.
  • A proportional control system is a type of linear feedback control system
  • Proportional representation in electoral systems
  • Proportional fonts

Other articles related to "proportionality":

Alternative Voting - Proportionality
... Australia, a nation with a long record of using IRV for election of legislative bodies, has had representation in its parliament broadly similar to that expected by plurality systems ... Medium-sized parties, such as the National Party of Australia, can co-exist with coalition partners such as the Liberal Party of Australia, and can compete against it without fear of losing seats to other parties due to vote splitting ...
Leask V Commonwealth - Decision - Proportionality
... Proportionality may be examined by testing if the law is appropriate and adapted to some means.) Dawson J noted that the test of whether the measures in a law are appropriate and necessary to achieve certain ... However, proportionality may be relevant, and a law not invalid, if an immunity conferred by a limitation of a power is affected incidentally by the achievement of a legitimate end ...
Judicial Review In English Law - Grounds For Review - Irrationality - Proportionality
... Proportionality is a requirement that a decision is proportionate to the aim that it seeks to achieve ... Proportionality exists as a ground for setting aside administrative decisions in most continental legal systems and is recognised in England in cases where issues of EC law and ECHR ... At present, lack of proportionality may be used as an argument for a decision being irrational ...
Deriving The Volume Of An N-ball - Proofs - The Volume Is Proportional To The nth Power of The Radius
... is that the volume of the n-ball of radius R is proportional to Rn The proportionality constant is the volume of the unit ball ... The base case is n = 0, where the proportionality is obvious ... For the inductive case, assume that proportionality is true in dimension n − 1 ...