In organic chemistry, transannular strain (also called Prelog strain after Nobel Prize winning chemist Vladimir Prelog) is the unfavorable interactions of ring substituents on non-adjacent carbons. These interactions, called transannular interactions, arise from a lack of space in the interior of the ring, which forces substituents into conflict with one another. In medium-sized cycloalkanes, which have between 8 to 11 carbons constituting the ring, transannular strain is a major source of the overall strain, to which there is also contribution from large-angle strain and Pitzer strain. In larger rings, transannular strain drops off until the ring is sufficiently large that it can adopt conformations devoid of any negative interactions.
Transannular strain can also be demonstrated in other cyclo-organic molecules, such as lactones, lactams, ethers, cycloalkenes, and cycloalkynes. These compounds are not without significance, since they are particularly useful in the study of transannular strain. Furthermore, transannular interactions are not relegated to only conflicts between hydrogen atoms, but can also arise from larger, more complicated substituents interacting across a ring.
Other articles related to "prelog strain":
... Transannular strain can be eliminated by the simple addition of a carbon bridge ... E,Z,E,Z,Z--annulene is quite unstable while it has the requisite number of π-electrons to be aromatic, they are for the most part isolated ...
Famous quotes containing the word strain:
“A man who strains himself on the stage is bound, if he is any good, to strain all the people sitting in the stalls.”
—Bertolt Brecht (18981956)