Poppy is a group of a flowering plants in the poppy family Papaveraceae. They are grown for their colorful flowers and some species can be used for food and as a source of opiate drugs. Poppies are sometimes used for symbolic reasons, such as in remembrance of soldiers who have died during wartime.
Poppy flowers have 4 to 6 petals, many stamens forming a conspicuous whorl in the center of the flower and an ovary consisting of from 2 to many fused carpels. The petals are showy, may be of almost any color and some have markings. The petals are crumpled in the bud and as blooming finishes, the petals often lie flat before falling away. Most species secrete latex when injured. The pollen of the oriental poppy, Papaver orientale, is dark blue. The pollen of the field poppy or corn poppy (Papaver rhoeas) is dark green to grey. Bees use poppies as a pollen source.
Poppies belong to genera of Papaveraceae, which includes:
- Papaver – corn poppy, Opium poppy, Oriental poppy, Iceland poppy, and about 120 other species
- Eschscholzia – California poppy and relatives
- Meconopsis – Welsh poppy, Nepal poppy, and relatives
- Stylophorum – Celandine poppy or wood poppy
- Argemone – Prickly poppy
- Romneya – Matilija poppy and relatives
- Canbya – Pygmy poppy
- Stylomecon – Wind poppy
- Arctomecon – desert bearpaw poppy
- Hunnemannia – Tulip poppy
- Dendromecon – Tree poppy
Other articles related to "poppy":
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Famous quotes containing the word poppy:
“The young woman-smell
Of your poppy body
Rises to my brain as opium”
—Frank Marshall Davis (b. 1905)
“The poppy that my heart was,
formed to bind all mortals,
made to strike and gather hearts
like flame upon an altar,
fades and shrinks, a red leaf
drenched and torn in the cold rain.”
—Hilda Doolittle (18861961)