Plaintiff

A plaintiff (Π in legal shorthand), also known as a claimant or complainant, is the term used in some jurisdictions for the party who initiates a lawsuit (also known as an action) before a court. In other words, someone who tries to sue. By doing so, the plaintiff seeks a legal remedy, and if successful, the court will issue judgment in favor of the plaintiff and make the appropriate court order (e.g., an order for damages).

In some jurisdictions the commencement of a lawsuit is done by filing a summons, claim form and/or a complaint. These documents are known as pleadings, that set forth the alleged wrongs committed by the defendant or defendants with a demand for relief. In other jurisdictions the action is commenced by service of legal process by delivery of these documents on the defendant by a process server; they are only filed with the court subsequently with an affidavit from the process server that they had been given to the defendant(s) according to the rules of civil procedure.

Not all lawsuits are plenary actions, involving a full trial on the merits of the case. There are also simplified procedures, often called proceedings, in which the parties are termed petitioner instead of plaintiff, and respondent instead of defendant. There are also cases that do not technically involve two sides, such as petitions for specific statutory relief that require judicial approval; in those cases there are no respondents, just a petitioner.

Read more about Plaintiff:  Terminology

Other articles related to "plaintiff":

Conversion (law) - Practice and Procedure in The United States - Answer of Defendant
... Plaintiff's consent to the defendant's taking (if it exists, can be proved or inferred by circumstantial evidence) ... Defendant's rights to the property are superior to those of the plaintiff ... Plaintiff had waived the right to the property or to a subsequent cause of action ...
Martin V. Herzog - Causation Issues
... Hogan countered that the plaintiff's negligence was not a contributing cause of the accident because the defendant was driving on the wrong side of the road ... Division (A) the defendant was driving his car on the wrong side of the road (B) the plaintiff's intestate was driving his buggy to the extreme right of the road and (C) the highway was ...
Plaintiff - Terminology
... In England and Wales, the term Claimant has replaced Plaintiff after the Civil Procedure Rules 1998 came into force on 26 April 1999 ... In Scottish law, a plaintiff is referred to as a pursuer and a defendant as a defender ... States, as well as in both Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland, the legal term "plaintiff" is still in use ...
Canon K.K. V. Green Cartridge Co. - Background
... The plaintiff, a manufacturer of photocopiers and laser printers, incorporated the parts which might need replacing during the lifetime of a machine and a supply of toner in a disposable cartridge, which could ... The plaintiff was therefore entitled, under LB (Plastics) Ltd ... parts for the cartridge had been made, and by the same token the plaintiff had the exclusive right to reproduce the drawings in any material form, such as ...
Prayer (legal Term)
... is a portion of a complaint in which the plaintiff describes the remedies that the plaintiff seeks from the court ... For example, the plaintiff may ask for an award of compensatory damages, punitive damages, attorney's fees, an injunction to make the defendant stop a ...