Piton

In climbing, a piton ( /ˈpiːtɒn/; also called a pin or peg) is a metal spike (usually steel) that is driven into a crack or seam in the rock with a hammer, and which acts as an anchor to protect the climber against the consequences of a fall, or to assist progress in aid climbing. Pitons are equipped with an eye hole or a ring to which a carabiner is attached; the carabiner can then be directly or indirectly attached (through more equipment, such as a nylon sling) to a climbing rope.

Pitons were the original form of protection and are still used where there is no alternative. Repeated hammering and extraction of pitons damages the rock, and climbers who subscribe to the clean climbing ethic avoid their use as much as possible. With the popularization of clean climbing in the 1970s, pitons were largely replaced by faster and easier-to-use clean protection, such as nuts and camming devices. Pitons are still found in place (as 'fixed' pitons) on some established free climbing routes in places where nuts or cams do not work; and are used on some hard aid climbs.

Read more about Piton:  Styles and Shapes, Materials and Evolution, In Popular Culture

Other articles related to "pitons, piton":

Carbet Mountains
... The Carbet Mountains (French Pitons Du Carbet, or Carbet Nails) are a massif of volcanic origin on the Caribbean island of Martinique ... The five highest members of the Carbet range and their heights are Piton Lacroix or Morne Pavillon (1196 m) Morne Piquet (1160 m) Piton Dumauzé (1109 m) Piton de ...
Piton - In Popular Culture
... In the 1981 James Bond film For Your Eyes Only, James Bond (Roger Moore) makes use of pitons while climbing a sheer cliff face as a means to infiltrate the villain Kristatos' (Julian Glover) hideout ... Apostis tries to kill Bond by knocking his pitons out of the rock, which would cause him to fall to his death ... Just before Apostis knocks out the last piton, Bond unclips a piton from his belt and uses it as a throwing knife, killing Apostis and sending him falling to his death instead ...
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