The term phrase structure grammar was originally introduced by Noam Chomsky as the term for grammars as defined by phrase structure rules, i.e. rewrite rules of the type studied previously by Emil Post and Axel Thue (see Post canonical systems). Some authors, however, reserve the term for more restricted grammars in the Chomsky hierarchy: context-sensitive grammars, or context-free grammars. In a broader sense, phrase structure grammars are also known as constituency grammars. The defining trait of phrase structure grammars is thus their adherence to the constituency relation, as opposed to the dependency relation of dependency grammars.
Other articles related to "grammar, phrase structure grammar, grammars":
... language with a restriction introduced on its grammar and vocabulary in order to eliminate ambiguity and complexity Foreign language reading aid – Foreign language writing aid – Language technology ... Garner – GeneRIF – Gorn address – Grammar – Context-free grammar (CFG) – Constraint grammar (CG) – Definite clause grammar (DCG) – Functional unification grammar (FUG ... Stochastic context-free grammar (SCFG) – Systemic functional grammar (SFG) – Tree-adjoining grammar (TAG) – Grammar induction – Grammatik – Hashing-Trick – Hidden markov model – Human language ...
... Generalized phrase structure grammar (GPSG) is a framework for describing the syntax and semantics of natural languages ... It is a type of phrase structure grammar, as opposed to a dependency grammar ... Their book Generalized Phrase Structure Grammar, published in 1985, is the main monograph on GPSG, especially as it applies to English syntax ...
... Other grammars generally avoid attempts to group syntactic units into clusters in a manner that would allow classification in terms of the constituency vs ... In this respect, the following grammar frameworks do not come down solidly on either side of the dividing line Construction grammar Cognitive grammar ...
Famous quotes containing the words grammar, phrase and/or structure:
“Proverbs, words, and grammar inflections convey the public sense with more purity and precision, than the wisest individual.”
—Ralph Waldo Emerson (18031882)
“As if the musicians did not so much play the little phrase as execute the rites required by it to appear, and they proceeded to the necessary incantations to obtain and prolong for a few instants the miracle of its evocation, Swann, who could no more see the phrase than if it belonged to an ultraviolet world ... Swann felt it as a presence, as a protective goddess and a confidante to his love, who to arrive to him ... had clothed the disguise of this sonorous appearance.”
—Marcel Proust (18711922)
“There is no such thing as a language, not if a language is anything like what many philosophers and linguists have supposed. There is therefore no such thing to be learned, mastered, or born with. We must give up the idea of a clearly defined shared structure which language-users acquire and then apply to cases.”
—Donald Davidson (b. 1917)