Pea

The pea is most commonly the small spherical seed or the seed-pod of the pod fruit Pisum sativum. Each pod contains several peas. Peapods are botanically a fruit, since they contain seeds developed from the ovary of a (pea) flower. However, peas are considered to be a vegetable in cooking. The name is also used to describe other edible seeds from the Fabaceae such as the pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan), the cowpea (Vigna unguiculata), and the seeds from several species of Lathyrus.

P. sativum is an annual plant, with a life cycle of one year. It is a cool season crop grown in many parts of the world; planting can take place from winter to early summer depending on location. The average pea weighs between 0.1 and 0.36 grams. The immature peas (and in snow peas the tender pod as well) are used as a vegetable, fresh, frozen or canned; varieties of the species typically called field peas are grown to produce dry peas like the split pea shelled from the matured pod. These are the basis of pease porridge and pea soup, staples of medieval cuisine; in Europe, consuming fresh immature green peas was an innovation of Early Modern cuisine.

The wild pea is restricted to the Mediterranean basin and the Near East. The earliest archaeological finds of peas date from the neolithic era of current Syria, Turkey and Jordan. In Egypt, early finds date from ca. 4800–4400 BC in the Nile delta area, and from ca. 3800–3600 BC in Upper Egypt. The pea was also present in Georgia in the 5th millennium BC. Farther east, the finds are younger. Peas were present in Afghanistan ca. 2000 BC, in Harappa, Pakistan, and in northwest India in 2250–1750 BC. In the second half of the 2nd millennium BC, this pulse crop appears in the Gangetic basin and southern India.

Read more about Pea:  Description, Varieties, Pests and Diseases, History, Modern Culinary Use, Nutritional Value, Peas in Science, Peas in Medicine, Etymology, Trivia

Other articles related to "pea, peas":

Pea - Trivia
... The annual 'Peasenhall Pea Festival' in the English village of Peasenhall, Suffolk attracts hundreds of visitors every year, with events such as Pea Shooting, the World Pea Podding Championships and ... In 2012, the Pea Festival had an OlymPEAn theme, celebrating the London 2012 Olympics ...
Mini Grey - Career
... good idea for an egg." inspired by Humpty Dumpty The Pea and the Princess (Cape, 2003) US title, The Very Smart Pea and the Princess-to-be (Knopf, 2003) 'Once upon a time there was an enchanting fairytale ... fairytale told from the point of view of the pea.' --The Princess and the Pea in libraries (WorldCat catalog) 'The pea gives its own version of what happened in the fairy tale ...
List Of Threatened Fauna Of Michigan - Fingernail and Pea Clams
... status Pisidium amnicum Greater European pea clam Special Concern Pisidium cruciatum Ornamanted pea clam Special Concern Pisidium equilaterale Round pea clam Special ...
Lathyrus Polyphyllus
... Lathyrus polyphyllus is a species of wild pea known by the common name leafy pea ... The plant produces an inflorescence of up to 12 pea flowers usually arranged in a line along one side of the stem ... The fruit is a dehiscent legume pod containing peas ...
Sphaerolobium
... Species include Sphaerolobium acanthos - Grampians Globe-pea Sphaerolobium alatum Sphaerolobium benetectum Sphaerolobium calcicola Sphaerolobium daviesioides Sphaerolobium fornicatum ...

Famous quotes containing the word pea:

    I worry about people who get born nowadays, because they get born into such tiny families—sometimes into no family at all. When you’re the only pea in the pod, your parents are likely to get you confused with the Hope Diamond. And that encourages you to talk too much.
    Russell Baker (b. 1925)