Patronage is the support, encouragement, privilege, or financial aid that an organization or individual bestows to another. In the history of art, arts patronage refers to the support that kings or popes have provided to musicians, painters, and sculptors. It can also refer to the right of bestowing offices or church benefices, the business given to a store by a regular customer, and the guardianship of saints. The word "patron" derives from the Latin patronus, "patron," one who gives benefits to his clients (see Patronage in ancient Rome).

In some countries the term is used to describe political patronage, which is the use of state resources to reward individuals for their electoral support. Some patronage systems are legal, as in the Canadian tradition of allowing the Prime Minister to appoint the heads of a number of commissions and agencies; in many cases, these appointments go to people who have supported the political party of the Prime Minister. As well, the term may refer to a type of corruption or favoritism in which a party in power rewards groups, families, ethnicities for their electoral support using illegal gifts or fraudulently-awarded appointments or government contracts.

Read more about PatronageArts, Politics, Social Life, Charity, Commercial, Science, Sports

Other articles related to "patronage":

Church Patronage (Scotland) Act 1711 - Outcome - 1719 Patronage Act
... Many optimistically thought this was the end of Patronage, as no right-thinking Presbyterian would declare willingness to accept a Patron's offer, but after ...
Smart Bus - SmartBus Patronage Growth
... Several reviews have been conducted of patronage growth on SmartBus routes ... In 2010 the Bus Association of Victoria found that SmartBus patronage on routes 703 and 902 (formerly 888/889) increased 15% over two years, even after ...
Sen Lin Hu - International Ties - International Patronage Granted
... Majesty King Harald V of Norway has granted royal patronage to Skogfjorden, the Norwegian Language Village ... Patronage is an affirmation from the Royal Family of Norway of the quality educational programming of Concordia Language Villages ... Johannes Rau, former President of the Federal Republic of Germany has also granted personal patronage to Waldsee, the German Language Village ...
Patronage - Ecclesiastical - Presbyterian
... The Church Patronage (Scotland) Act 1711, (in force until 1874) resulted in multiple Secessions from the Church of Scotland, leading to the establishment of the Free Church of Scotland (meaning, Free from state ...

Famous quotes containing the word patronage:

    Each of the Arts whose office is to refine, purify, adorn, embellish and grace life is under the patronage of a Muse, no god being found worthy to preside over them.
    Eliza Farnham (1815–1864)

    She loved money, but could occasionally part with it, especially to men of learning, whose patronage she affected. She often conversed with them, and bewildered herself in their metaphysical disputes, which neither she nor they themselves understood.
    Philip Dormer Stanhope, 4th Earl Chesterfield (1694–1773)