Orchis is a genus in the orchid family (Orchidaceae). This genus gets its name from the Ancient Greek ὄρχις orchis, meaning "testicle", from the appearance of the paired subterranean tuberoids.

This genus occurs mainly in Europe, NW Africa, and it stretches as far Tibet, Mongolia, China and Japan.

These terrestrial orchids have tubers instead of pseudobulbs. They are extremely diverse in appearance. They produce an erect stem. The inflorescence is a cylindrical to globular spike 5 – 15 cm long with yellow, red to purple flowers. They start flowering at the base, slowly progressing upwards, except the Monkey orchid (Orchis simia) that flowers in reverse order.

The original genus Orchis used to contain more than 1,300 names. Since it was polyphyletic, it has been divided by Pridgeon et al., into several new genera (see Reference): Ponerorchis, Schizodium, Steveniella.

Read more about Orchis:  Species, Natural Hybrids, Intergeneric Hybrids

Other articles related to "orchis":

Orchis - Intergeneric Hybrids
... Orchiophrys (Ophrys x Orchis) Orchiserapias (Orchis x Serapias). ...
Western Marsh Orchid - Classification
... In 1828 Ludwig Reichenbach described the western marsh orchid as Orchis majalis ... this description is not valid, the name cannot be used despite its earlier publication in 1794 as Orchis fistulosa ... Synonyms Orchis majalis Rchb ...
... They are closely related to the genus Orchis to which, in the past, they were thought to belong ... The genus is distinguished from Orchis by having in the column two bursicles (pouchlike receptacles) enclosing the pollinia, instead of one ... It shares with Orchis its spherical, ellipsoid or oblong tubers ...
HMS Orchis (K76) - English Channel
... Orchis was then assigned to patrol the English Channel, and sank German submarine U-741 on 15 August 1944 ... U-741 torpedoed LST-404 of convoy FTM-69 while Orchis was escorting nearby convoy FTC-68 ... Orchis gained and held SONAR contact on U-741 and flooded the forward part of the U-boat with two Hedgehog attacks and two Depth charge attacks ...
Galearis Spectabilis
... Galearis spectabilis (Gay orchis, Purple orchis, Purple-hooded orchis, and Showy orchis syn ... Orchis spectabilis L.) is a orchid species of the Orchis genus ...