Conjunctions and Particles
Conjunctions and particles are not easily separable because they sometimes function as an intensifier, and sometimes as a conjunction.
<li>a, ali "but" - (proclitic), setting two parts of a statement in opposition
- ako, jako, ěko "that, so that, how, when, as" - (proclitic) introducing indirect or direct speech; highly context-dependent
- ašte "if, whether" - (proclitic) a conditional particle, also used to generalize relative pronouns
- bo "for, because" - (enclitic) denoting caustive relationships (i + bo = ibo, u + bo = ubo)
- da "in order that" - (proclitic) introducing final result
- i "and; even, too" - (proclitic) connecting clauses or used as an adverb within a clause
- ide "for, since" - (proclitic)
- jegda, jegdaže "when, if" - (proclitic)
- jeda "surely not" - (proclitic), introducing a question expecting a negative answer
- li "or", li...li "either... or" - (proclitic or enclitic) generally when forming a question; when enclitic, usually a direct question, when proclitic, taking the meaning "or"
- ne "not", ne...ni "neither... nor" - ne generally occurs before the negated item, occurring usually once in the main clause, but ni may occur several times in the same clause
- nъ "but" - (proclitic) connecting two clauses
- to "then, so" - (proclitic) correlative to ašte
- že "on the other hand, or, and" - (enclitic) the commonest particle functioning both as an intensifier and a conjunction; often bound to pronouns and adverbs (jakože, nikъto že)
Read more about this topic: Old Church Slavonic Grammar
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... "But" In Bulgarian, there are several conjunctions all translating into English as "but", which are all used in distinct situations ... – "you don't say!", "really!" Vocative particles Bulgarian has several abstract particles which are used to strengthen a statement ... The particles are strictly informal and can even be considered rude by some people and in some situations ...
Famous quotes containing the word particles:
“O my countrymen!be nice;Mbe cautious of your language;and never, O! never let it be forgotten upon what small particles your eloquence and your fame depend.”
—Laurence Sterne (17131768)