New Pedestrianism - Energy


Oil production peaked in the U.S. in 1970 and today only 35% of oil consumed is produced domestically. The U.S. has grown increasingly dependent on obtaining oil that lies in the states which are hostile to American interests. This is assumed by Arth and many others to have led to increased U.S. militarism in oil rich countries and a growing trade deficit. NP seeks to reduce oil consumption by designing neighborhoods and towns that require far less automobile travel. Most daily trips and recreation in a Pedestrian Village would be within pleasant walking or bicycling distance. New Pedestrianism asserts that it is necessary only to connect village centers to create a highly efficient public transportation system.

New Pedestrianism, in its ideal form, reduces the need for oil and other limited energy sources by reducing consumption and utilizing renewable energy. It is anticipated, especially as the cost of photovoltaic cells drops, that individual homes would be equipped with solar panels and solar water heaters, and that solar parks would harvest energy for the whole community. Reducing energy needs and moving away from oil dependency would presumably address health, social, economic, and environmental problems.

Read more about this topic:  New Pedestrianism

Other articles related to "energy":

Enthalpy Versus Internal Energy
... The U term can be interpreted as the energy required to create the system, and the pV term as the energy that would be required to "make room" for the system if the pressure of the environment ... and temperature T, is created or brought to its present state from absolute zero, energy must be supplied equal to its internal energy U plus pV, where pV is the work done in pushing against ... internal properties of the system and therefore the internal energy is used ...
... Obesity is most commonly caused by a combination of excessive food energy intake, lack of physical activity, and genetic susceptibility, although a few cases are caused primarily by genes, endocrine ... on average obese people have a greater energy expenditure than their thin counterparts due to the energy required to maintain an increased body mass ... Diet quality can be improved by reducing the consumption of energy-dense foods such as those high in fat and sugars, and by increasing the intake of dietary fiber ...
Transformations of Energy
... One form of energy can often be readily transformed into another with the help of a device- for instance, a battery, from chemical energy to electric energy a dam gravitational potential energy to kinetic ... Similarly, in the case of a chemical explosion, chemical potential energy is transformed to kinetic energy and thermal energy in a very short time ... At its highest points the kinetic energy is zero and the gravitational potential energy is at maximum ...
Enthalpy - Applications
... Internal energy, U, must be supplied to remove particles from a surrounding in order to allow space for the creation of a system, providing that environmental variables, such as ... This internal energy also includes the energy required for activation and the breaking of bonded compounds into gaseous species ... This process is calculated within enthalpy calculations as U + pV, to label the amount of energy or work required to "set aside space for" and "create" the system describing the ...

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