National Gallery

The National Gallery is an art museum on Trafalgar Square, London. Founded in 1824, it houses a collection of over 2,300 paintings dating from the mid-13th century to 1900. The Gallery is an exempt charity, and a non-departmental public body of the Department for Culture, Media and Sport. Its collection belongs to the public of the United Kingdom and entry to the main collection is free of charge. It is the fourth most visited art museum in the world, after the Musée du Louvre, the Metropolitan Museum of Art and the British Museum.

Unlike comparable museums in continental Europe, the National Gallery was not formed by nationalising an existing royal or princely art collection. It came into being when the British government bought 38 paintings from the heirs of John Julius Angerstein, an insurance broker and patron of the arts, in 1824. After that initial purchase the Gallery was shaped mainly by its early directors, notably Sir Charles Lock Eastlake, and by private donations, which comprise two thirds of the collection. The resulting collection is small in size, compared with many European national galleries, but encyclopaedic in scope; most major developments in Western painting "from Giotto to Cézanne" are represented with important works. It used to be claimed that this was one of the few national galleries that had all its works on permanent exhibition, but this is no longer the case.

The present building, the third to house the National Gallery, was designed by William Wilkins from 1832–8. Only the façade onto Trafalgar Square remains essentially unchanged from this time, as the building has been expanded piecemeal throughout its history. Wilkins's building was often criticised for its perceived aesthetic deficiencies and lack of space; the latter problem led to the establishment of the Tate Gallery for British art in 1897. The Sainsbury Wing, an extension to the west by Robert Venturi and Denise Scott Brown, is a notable example of Postmodernist architecture in Britain. The current Director of the National Gallery is Nicholas Penny.

Read more about National GalleryCleaning and Attribution Controversies, Collection Highlights, Transport Connections

Other articles related to "national gallery, gallery":

National Gallery - Transport Connections
... Service Station/Stop Lines/Routes served Distance from National Gallery London Buses Trafalgar Square / Charing Cross Station 24, 29, 176 Trafalgar Square 6, 9, 13, 15, 23, 139 Trafalgar Square / Charing Cross ...
Steve Cox (artist) - Exhibitions
... in over forty group-exhibitions, including Moist Australian Watercolours, (2005) at the National Gallery of Australia, Canberra, and This and Other Worlds, (2005) at the National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne ... in True Crime Murder and Misdemeanour in Australian Art, at the Geelong Art Gallery ... Cox's work is held in The National Gallery of Australia, The National Gallery of Victoria and other important public and private collections throughout Australia ...
Adoration Of The Magi In Art - Treatments By Individual Artists - With Articles
... Adoration of the Magi of 1475 (Botticelli), Botticelli National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C ... The Adoration of the Kings (Bruegel), Pieter Bruegel the Elder, National Gallery, London The Star of Bethlehem, Edward Burne-Jones, Birmingham Museum and Art Gallery Adoration of the Magi (Andrea ...
Sam Songo
... who helped establish and later ran the Rhodesian National Gallery of Art (now the National Gallery of Zimbabwe ... Many of Songo's works were exhibited in the National Gallery of Rhodesia, the Museum of Modern Art in 1968, the Musée Rodin in 1971, and London's Institute of Contemporary Arts in 1972 ...
Adoration Of The Magi In Art - Treatments By Individual Artists - Others
... Bosch Museo del Prado, Madrid Pieter Brueghel the Younger National Gallery, Prague Fra Angelico Museo S ... Gozzoli Palazzo Medici-Riccardi, Florence Filippo Lippi National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C ... fresco, Oratorio dei Bianchi, Città della Pieve National Gallery of Umbrian Art, Perugia Nicola Pisano Baptistry, Pisa Poussin Gemäldegalerie, Dresden Rubens ...

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