A national academy is an organizational body, usually operating with state financial support and approval, that co-ordinates scholarly research activities and standards for academic disciplines, most frequently in the sciences but also the humanities. Typically the country's learned societies in individual disciplines will liaise with or be co-ordinated by the national academy. National academies play an important organizational role in academic exchanges and collaborations between countries.
The extent of official recognition of national academies varies between countries. In some cases they are explicitly or de facto an arm of government; in others, as in the United Kingdom, they are voluntary, non-profit bodies with which government has agreed to negotiate, and which may receive government financial support while retaining substantial independence. In the countries of the former Soviet Union, and in the People's Republic of China, the national academies have considerable power over policy and personnel in their areas. There is however a growing consensus among international federations of learned academies that bona fide national (or learned) academies need to adhere to certain criteria:
- The fellowship is elected, on the basis of excellence, by existing fellows
- The number of fellows is restricted either to a total number or to a rate of accretion
- The governance of the academy is democratic and “bottom up”. The fellowship is the ultimate source of the academy’s authority
- The academy is independent of government, industry and professional associations. Most, if not all, academies derive some financial support from some or all of these other organizations but this support needs to be given in a manner that does not compromise the academy’s independence.
Other articles related to "national academy, academy, national":
... Albania Academy of Sciences of Albania Australia Australian Academy of Science, Australian Academy of Technological Sciences and Engineering, Australian Academy of the Humanities, Academy of ... The Finnish Academy of Science and Letters (Finnish Suomalainen tiedeakatemia) is the Finnish-speaking academy, while The Finnish Society of Science and Letters (Swedish ... In the field of engineering, the Finnish Academy of Technology (Finnish Teknillisten tieteiden akatemia, Swedish Akademin för Tekniska Vetenskaper) and Swedish Academy of Engineering Sciences in ...
3 January 1950) is an artist and rector of the Oslo National Academy of the Arts ... She is a graduate of the National Academy of Craft and Art Industry and the National Academy of Fine Arts ...
... American College of Physicians (1989–1993), National Institutes of Health (1992), Office of the Surgeon General, Department of Health and Human Services (1992), National Research Council of the National ... She served on the Committee on Women in Science and Engineering of the National Research Council of the National Academy of Sciences and is currently a ... Francis Sellers Collins (now National Institutes of Health Director) as Acting Director of the National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI) at NIH, but since Dec ...
... In 1970 he entered Kiev National Taras Shevchenko University, Radio physics department ... back to Kiev and started working at the Institute of Physics National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine ... Since 06.05.2006- corresponding member of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine In 2008 was chosen to be director of Institute of Physics of the National ...
... He is the winner of United States National Academy of Engineering Founders Award (NAE Founders Award, 1998), National Medal of Science (U.S.A ... and Paleoanthropology, Chinese Academy of Sciences member of U.S ... National Academy of Sciences ...
Famous quotes containing the words academy and/or national:
“The academy is not paradise. But learning is a place where paradise can be created.”
—bell hooks (b. c. 1955)
“[The Republicans] offer ... a detailed agenda for national renewal.... [On] reducing illegitimacy ... the state will use ... funds for programs to reduce out-of-wedlock pregnancies, to promote adoption, to establish and operate childrens group homes, to establish and operate residential group homes for unwed mothers, or for any purpose the state deems appropriate. None of the taxpayer funds may be used for abortion services or abortion counseling.”
—Newt Gingrich (b. 1943)