Burma (i/ˈbɜrmə/ BUR-mə), also known as Myanmar (i/ˈmjɑːnˌmɑr/ MYAHN-mar, /ˈmaɪænmɑr/ or /ˈmjænmɑr/), is a sovereign state in Southeast Asia bordered by China, Thailand, India, Laos and Bangladesh. One-third of Burma's total perimeter of 1,930 kilometres (1,200 mi) forms an uninterrupted coastline along the Bay of Bengal and the Andaman Sea. Its population of over 60 million makes it the world's 24th most populous country and, at 676,578 km (261,227 sq mi), it is the world's 40th largest country and the second largest in Southeast Asia.

The country has been under military control since a coup d'état in 1962. During this time, the United Nations and several other organizations have reported consistent and systematic human rights violations in the country, including genocide, the use of child soldiers, systematic rape, child labour, slavery, human trafficking and a lack of freedom of speech. Since the military began relinquishing more of its control over the government, however – coupled with its release in 2011 of Burma's most prominent human rights activist, Aung San Suu Kyi – the country's foreign relationships have improved rapidly, especially with major powers such as the United States, Japan and the European Union. Trade and other sanctions, for example, imposed on Burma/Myanmar by the United States and the European Union, have now been eased.

Burma is a country rich in precious stones, oil, natural gas and other mineral resources. In 2011, its GDP stood at US$82.7 billion and was estimated as growing at an annual rate of 5.5%.

Read more about Myanma:  Etymology, History, Government and Politics, Human Rights, Foreign Relations, Military Relations, Economy, Demographics, Health, Culture, Geography, Education, Media, Sport

Other articles related to "myanma":

Accidents and Incidents - Myanma Airways
... On January 27, 1998 – A Myanma Airways Fokker F27 crashed while taking off from Yangon, Myanmar killing 16 of the 45 people on board ... On 24 August 1998, Myanma Airways Flight 635, a crashed into a hill on approach to Tachilek Airport killing all 36 on board ...
Names Of Burma - Adjectival Forms and Demonyms
... the 1989 renaming Existing term Renamed to Type Burma Myanmar noun Burmese Myanma adjective Burman Bamar noun Burman Bama adjective In Burmese, the word Myanma, when used as a noun, is pronounced in ... country's name "Myanmar" is formed by dropping the final "r" to get "Myanma" (since the final "r" indicates lengthening in Oxford English) ... even in Burma, are unaware of these subtleties, and so we find both "Myanma Airways" (correct spelling) and "Myanmar Airways" (incorrect spelling, but used officially anyway) ...
Names Of Burma - Burmese Names
... In the Burmese language, Burma is known as either Myanma ( ) or Bama ( ) ... Myanma is the written, literary name of the country, while Bama is the spoken name of the country ... The colloquial name Bama is supposed to have originated from the name Myanma by shortening of the first syllable, from loss of nasal final "an" (/-àɴ/), reduced to non-nasal "a" (/-à/), and loss of "y" (/-j ...
Myanma Airways - History
... The name was changed to Burma Airways in December 1972, and to Myanma Airways on 1 April 1989 following the renaming of the country from Burma to Myanmar ... International services of Myanma Airways have been made as joint venture airline, Myanmar Airways International (MAI) ... Myanma Airways is the majority shareholder of Joint Venture Company MAI, set up in 1993 ...