Muslim Brotherhood

The Society of the Muslim Brothers (Arabic: جماعة الإخوان المسلمون‎, often simply: الإخوان المسلمون, the Muslim Brotherhood, transliterated: al-ʾiḫwān al-muslimūn) is the Arab world's most influential and one of the largest Islamic movements, and is the largest political opposition organization in many Arab states. Founded in Egypt in 1928 as a Pan-Islamic, religious, political, and social movement by the Islamic scholar and schoolteacher Hassan al-Banna, by the end of World War II the MB had an estimated two million members. Its ideas had gained supporters throughout the Arab world and influenced other Islamist groups with its "model of political activism combined with Islamic charity work". The Brotherhood's credo was and is, "Allah is our objective; the Quran is our law, the Prophet is our leader; Jihad is our way; and death for the sake of Allah is the highest of our aspirations." Its most famous slogan, used worldwide, is "Islam is the solution."

The Brotherhood's stated goal is to instill the Qur'an and Sunnah as the "sole reference point for ...ordering the life of the Muslim family, individual, community ... and state". The movement officially opposes violent means to achieve its goals, although it at one time encompassed a paramilitary wing and its members were involved in massacres, bombings and assassinations of political opponents; notably Egyptian Prime Minister Mahmoud an-Nukrashi Pasha. The Muslim Brotherhood started as a religious social organization; preaching Islam, teaching the illiterate, setting up hospitals and even launching commercial enterprises. As it continued to rise in influence, starting in 1936, it began to oppose British rule in Egypt. Many Egyptian nationalists accuse the MB of violent killings during this period. After the Arab defeat in the First Arab-Israeli war, the Egyptian government dissolved the organisation and arrested its members. It supported the Egyptian Revolution of 1952, but after an attempted assassination of Egypt's president it was once again banned and repressed. The MB has been suppressed in other countries as well, most notably in Syria in 1982 during the Hama massacre.

The MB is financed by contributions from its members, who are required to allocate a portion of their income to the movement. Some of these contributions are from members who work in Saudi Arabia and other oil-rich countries.

Read more about Muslim BrotherhoodBeliefs, Organization, Indian Subcontinent, Criticisms, Foreign Relations

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Terrorism In Syria - History - Under Hafez Al-Assad - Islamic Uprising
... The Muslim Brotherhood was blamed for the terror by the government, although the insurgents used names such as Kata'ib Muhammad (Phalanges of Muhammad, begun in Hama in 1965 Marwan Hadid ... guerrilla group and spinoff of the Muslim Brotherhood ... Less than a month later membership in the Muslim Brotherhood became punishable by death with a month grace period given for members to turn themselves in ...
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... Ali Sadreddine Al-Bayanouni (Arabic علي صدر الدين البيانوني‎) is a Muslim Brotherhood leader in exile in London ... up in a religious family, where his father and grandfather were both well known Muslim scholars ... He joined the Muslim Brotherhood while in secondary school, in 1954, and went on to graduate with a law degree from the University of Damascus in 1963 ...
Tom Rooney (politician) - Political Positions - Muslim Brotherhood Controversy
... government’s involvement with the Muslim Brotherhood ... late father, her mother and her brother–connected to Muslim Brotherhood operatives and/or organizations," referring to a study by the Center for Security Policy ... Newt Gingrich argued in favor of investigation into the Muslim Brotherhood, characterize Rooney and the rest as the "National Security Five." Columnist Cal Thomas shrugged ...
Egypt–Syria Relations - History of Relations
... However, after the Arab Spring and the rise of the Muslim Brotherhood, relations have been extremely strained ... The Muslim Brotherhood is a banned organisation in Syria and its membership is a capital offence in Syria ... due to the rule of Sunni hardliners and Muslim Brotherhood supporters in Egypt who have opposed the Shi'ite-dominated government ...
Muslim Brotherhood - Foreign Relations
... On 29 June 2011, as the Brotherhood's political power became more apparent and solidified following the 2011 Egyptian revolution, the United States announced that ... The next day, the Brotherhood's leadership announced that they welcomed the diplomatic overture ...

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