Moshav

Moshav (Hebrew: מוֹשָׁב‎, plural מוֹשָׁבִים moshavim, lit. settlement, village) is a type of Israeli town or settlement, in particular a type of cooperative agricultural community of individual farms pioneered by the Labour Zionists during the second wave of aliyah (lit. "ascent ": refers to the act of Jewish emigration to Israel). A resident or a member of a moshav can be called a "moshavnik" (מוֹשַׁבְנִיק).

The moshavim are similar to kibbutzim with an emphasis on community labor. They were designed as part of the Zionist state-building program following the Yishuv ("settlement") in the British Mandate of Palestine during the early 20th century, but contrary to the collective kibbutzim, farms in a moshav tended to be individually owned but of fixed and equal size. Workers produced crops and goods on their properties through individual and/or pooled labour and resources and used profit and foodstuffs to provide for themselves. Moshavim are governed by an elected council (Hebrew: ועד‎, va'ad, lit. committee). Community projects and facilities were financed by a special tax (Hebrew: מס ועד‎, mas va'ad, lit. committee tax). This tax was equal for all households of the community, thus creating a system where good farmers were better off than bad ones, unlike in the communal kibbutzim where (at least theoretically) all members enjoyed the same living standard. Many moshavim still exist today.

Read more about MoshavDifferent Types, History, List of Moshavim

Other articles related to "moshav":

Shtula
... Planted) is an moshav in northern Israel ... The moshav was established in 1967 by moshav residents from the Galilee as part of Operation Sof Sof, designed to strengthen Jewish presence in the Galilee ...
Masu'ot Yitzhak - History - Establishment of The Moshav
... After their return from captivity in 1949, the Masu'ot Yitzhak pioneers established a new moshav of the same name near Shafir, a region inhabited by the Philistines in biblical times ... The moshav was affiliated with Hapoel Hamizrachi ...
She'ar Yashuv - History
... and in 1957 they murdered Yosef Ben-Haim, a member of the moshav ... Damascus radio and the French daily Le Monde even announced that the moshav had been captured by the Syrians ... The Syrians returned to attack the moshav a number of times, but did not succeed to capture it ...
List of Moshavim
... Meir Beit Yitzhak Beit Zayit Ben Shemen Bitzaron Beka'ot Dekel Dishon Dor (moshav) Efrat Even Menachem Even Sapir Ein HaBesor Ein Yahav Gadid Gan HaDarom Gan ...
Shomera
... Guard) is a moshav in northern Israel ... Its name reflects the moshav's proximity to the Lebanese border ... Defense Forces armory is located in the moshav ...