Morphogenesis

Morphogenesis (from the Greek morphê shape and genesis creation, literally, "beginning of the shape") is the biological process that causes an organism to develop its shape. It is one of three fundamental aspects of developmental biology along with the control of cell growth and cellular differentiation.

The process controls the organized spatial distribution of cells during the embryonic development of an organism. Morphogenesis can take place also in a mature organism, in cell culture or inside tumor cell masses. Morphogenesis also describes the development of unicellular life forms that do not have an embryonic stage in their life cycle, or describes the evolution of a body structure within a taxonomic group.

Morphogenetic responses may be induced in organisms by hormones, by environmental chemicals ranging from substances produced by other organisms to toxic chemicals or radionuclides released as pollutants, and other plants, or by mechanical stresses induced by spatial patterning of the cells.

Read more about MorphogenesisHistory, Molecular Basis, Cellular Basis

Other articles related to "morphogenesis":

SETD2
... Biological process • angiogenesis • morphogenesis of a branching structure • neural tube closure • transcription, DNA-dependent • regulation of transcription, DNA-dependent • histone H3-K3 ...
Algebraic Biology - Areas of Research - Mathematical Biophysics - Spatial Modelling
... One classic work in this area is Alan Turing's paper on morphogenesis entitled The Chemical Basis of Morphogenesis, published in 1952 in the Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society ... behaviour A mechanochemical theory of morphogenesis Biological pattern formation Spatial distribution modeling using plot samples ...
Morphogenesis - Cellular Basis - Cell Contractility
... examples of myosin-driven contractility in tissue morphogenesis occur during the separation of Caenorhabditis elegans, drosophila and zebrafish germ layers ... Often, during embryonic morphogenesis, cell contractility occurs via periodic pulses of contraction ...
PLXNA4A
... Biological process • axon guidance • facial nerve morphogenesis • glossopharyngeal nerve morphogenesis • trigeminal nerve morphogenesis • vagus nerve ...
The Chemical Basis Of Morphogenesis
... The Chemical Basis of Morphogenesis is an article written by Alan Turing in 1952 describing the way in which non-uniformity (stripes, spots, spirals, etc.) may arise naturally out of a homogeneous, uniform state ... can be called a reaction–diffusion theory of morphogenesis), has served as a basic model in theoretical biology, and is seen by some as the very beginning of chaos theory ...