Monasticism (from Greek μοναχός, monachos, derived from μόνος, monos, "alone") is a religious way of life that involves renouncing worldly pursuits to fully devote one's self to spiritual work. The origin of the word is from Ancient Greek, and the idea originally related to Buddhist monks in 550 BC.

In the Catholic, Orthodox, and Coptic Christian traditions, males pursuing a monastic life are generally called monks while female monastics are called nuns. Both monks and nuns are considered monastics. The way of addressing monastics differs between the Christian traditions. For a general rule, in Roman Catholicism, monks and nuns are called brother or sister, while in Orthodox Christianity, they are called father or mother. This is not an absolute rule as their address varies depending on their rank and monastic tradition. Some other religions also include monastic elements, most notably Buddhism, but also Hinduism and Jainism, though the expressions differ considerably.

Read more about Monasticism:  Buddhism, Christianity, Hinduism, Islam, Jainism, Judaism, Other Religions or Movements

Other articles related to "monasticism":

Monastic Rules - Christianity - Other Christian Communities
... Christian Church the beginnings of growth of monasticism among Protestant denominations ... In the 19th-century monasticism was revived in the Church of England, leading to the foundation of such institutions as the House of the Resurrection ... Other Protestant Christian denominations also engage in monasticism, particularly Lutherans in Europe and North America ...
Coptic Monasticism
... Coptic Monasticism is claimed to be the original form of Monasticism as Saint Pachomius the Cenobite, a Copt from Upper Egypt, established the first communal living in ...
Christianity In Medieval Scotland - Early Middle Ages - Gaelic Monasticism
... Scotland was untouched by continental forms of monasticism until the late eleventh century ... Perhaps in reaction to this secularisation of monasticism a reforming movement of monks called Céli Dé (lit ... Scottish monasticism remained a vital force into the high Middle Ages, playing a part in the Hiberno-Scottish mission, where monasteries, often called Schottenklöster ...
Monasticism - Other Religions or Movements
... Sikhism and the Bahá’í Faith both specifically forbid the practice of monasticism ... rejects all forms of asceticism and monasticism ...
Christian Monasticism Before 451
... Eastern Christian monasticism developed for around a century and a half, and as a spontaneous religious movement, up to the time of the Council of Chalcedon, which took place in 451 ... At that Council, monasticism had become an acknowledged part of the life of the Christian Church, and it was specially legislated for ...

Famous quotes containing the word monasticism:

    Christianity as an organized religion has not always had a harmonious relationship with the family. Unlike Judaism, it kept almost no rituals that took place in private homes. The esteem that monasticism and priestly celibacy enjoyed implied a denigration of marriage and parenthood.
    Beatrice Gottlieb, U.S. historian. The Family in the Western World from the Black Death to the Industrial Age, ch. 12, Oxford University Press (1993)