# Molar Volume

The molar volume, symbol Vm, is the volume occupied by one mole of a substance (chemical element or chemical compound) at a given temperature and pressure. It is equal to the molar mass (M) divided by the mass density (ρ). It has the SI unit cubic metres per mole (m3/mol), although it is more practical to use the units cubic decimetres per mole (dm3/mol) for gases and cubic centimetres per mole (cm3/mol) for liquids and solids.

The molar volume of a substance can be found by measuring its molar mass and density then applying the relation

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If the sample is a mixture containing N components, the molar volume is calculated using:

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For ideal gases, the molar volume is given by the ideal gas equation: this is a good approximation for many common gases at standard temperature and pressure. For crystalline solids, the molar volume can be measured by X-ray crystallography.

Read more about Molar VolumeIdeal Gases, Crystalline Solids, Molar Volume of Silicon

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