Mitanni

Mitanni (Hittite cuneiform KUR URUMi-ta-an-ni, also Mittani Mi-it-ta-ni) or Hanigalbat (Assyrian Hanigalbat, Khanigalbat cuneiform Ḫa-ni-gal-bat) was an Hurrian-speaking state in northern Syria and south-east Anatolia from ca. 1500 BC–1300 BC. Founded by an Indo-Aryan ruling class governing a predominately Hurrian population, Mitanni came to be a regional power after the Hittite destruction of Amorite Babylon, and a series of ineffectual Assyrian kings created a power vacuum in Mesopotamia. At the beginning of its history, Mitanni's major rival was Egypt under the Thutmosids. However, with the ascent of the Hittite empire, Mitanni and Egypt made an alliance to protect their mutual interests from the threat of Hittite domination. At the height of its power, during the 14th century BC, it had outposts centered around its capital, Washukanni, whose location has been determined by archaeologists to be on the headwaters of the Khabur River. Eventually, Mitanni succumbed to Hittite and later Assyrian attacks, and was reduced to the status of a province of the Middle Assyrian Empire.

Their sphere of influence is shown in Hurrian place names, personal names and the spread through Syria and the Levant of a distinct pottery type.

Read more about MitanniGeography, Name, People, History, Indo-Aryan Superstrate, Mitanni Rulers, Legacy, Sources

Other articles related to "mitanni":

Dakhamunzu - Context
... the three-cornered struggle for power between Egypt, Mitanni and the newly arising power of the Hittites under Suppiluliuma I ... While involved in war with Mitanni, the Hittites are attacked by Egyptian forces in the region of Kadesh, which only recently came under Hittite control ... Suppiluliuma retaliates by simultaneously besieging Mitanni forces at Carchemish and sending forces into the Amqu region, at that time an Egyptian vassal state ...
History Of Aleppo - History - Pre-history and Pre-classical Era - Late Bronze Age
... advantage of the power vacuum in the region, Parshatatar, king of the Hurrian kingdom of Mitanni, conquered Aleppo in the 15th century BC ... Aleppo found itself on the frontline in the struggle between the Mitanni and the Hittites and Egypt ... The Hittite Suppiluliumas I permanently defeated Mitanni and conquered Aleppo in the 14th century BC ...
Shuttarna I - See Also
... Ancient Near East portal Mitanni Preceded by Kirta Mitanni king early 15th century BC Succeeded by Parshatatar Mitanni kings Kirta Shuttarna I Parshatatar Shaushtatar Artatama I Shuttarna II ...
Mitanni - Sources
... The 'Aryan Gods' of the Mitanni Treaties, Journal of the American Oriental Society 80, 301–317 (1960) Wilhelm, Gernot The Hurrians, Aris Philips Warminster ...