Mexico City ( /ˈmɛksɨkoʊ ˈsɪti/; Spanish: Ciudad de México, also known as México D.F., or simply D.F.) is the Federal District (Distrito Federal), capital of Mexico and seat of the federal powers of the Mexican Union. It is a federal entity within Mexico which is not part of any one of the 31 Mexican states but belongs to the federation as a whole. Mexico City is the country's largest city as well as its most important political, cultural, educational and financial center.
As an "alpha" global city Mexico City is one of the most important financial and cultural centers in North America. It is located in the Valley of Mexico (Valle de México), a large valley in the high plateaus at the center of Mexico, at an altitude of 2,240 metres (7,350 ft). The city consists of sixteen boroughs.
The 2009 estimated population for the city proper was around 8.84 million people, and has a land area of 1,485 square kilometres (573 sq mi). According to the most recent definition agreed upon by the federal and state governments, the Mexico City metropolitan area population is 21.2 million people, making it the largest metropolitan area in the western hemisphere, the third largest agglomeration and the largest Spanish-speaking city in the world.
The Greater Mexico City has a gross domestic product (GDP) of US$390 billion in 2008, making Mexico City urban agglomeration the eighth richest metropolitan area in the world. The city was responsible for generating 21% of Mexico's Gross Domestic Product and the metropolitan area accounted for 34% of total national GDP.
The city was originally built on an island of Lake Texcoco by the Aztecs in 1325 as Tenochtitlan, which was almost completely destroyed in the 1521 siege of Tenochtitlan, and subsequently redesigned and rebuilt in accordance with the Spanish urban standards. In 1524, the municipality of Mexico City was established, known as México Tenochtitlán, and as of 1585 it was officially known as Ciudad de México (Mexico City). Mexico City served as the political, administrative and financial center of a major part of the Spanish colonial empire. After independence from Spain was achieved, the Federal District was created in 1824.
After years of demanding greater political autonomy, residents were given the right to directly elect the Head of Government and the representatives of the unicameral Legislative Assembly by popular vote in 1997. Ever since, the left-wing Party of the Democratic Revolution (PRD) has controlled both of them. In recent years, the local government has passed a wave of liberal policies, such as abortion on request, a limited form of euthanasia, no-fault divorce and same-sex marriage.
Other articles related to "mexico, mexico city, city":
... Medicine, National Autonomous University of Mexico, Mexico City 1980 ... of Cell Biology, Center for Research and Advanced Studies, National Polytechnic Institute, Mexico City 1980 ... Brian Nissen, Artist, New York City 1980 ...
... Mexico City is twinned with Athens, Greece Arequipa, Peru Beijing, China Beirut, Lebanon Berlin, Germany Bogotá, Colombia Buenos Aires, Argentina Brasília, Brazil San Juan, Puerto ... Cusco, Peru Dolores Hidalgo, Mexico ... Guatemala City, Guatemala Istanbul, Turkey Kaliningrad, Russia La Paz, Bolivia Lima, Peru Lisbon, Portugal Los Angeles, United States Madrid, Spain Malmö, Sweden Manila, Philippines Nagoya, Japan Nicosia, Cyprus ...
1992 Bans all anti-gay discrimination, including hate speech Mexico Legal since 1872 + UN decl ... All states are obliged to honour same-sex marriages performed in Mexico City ... / Legal in Mexico City since 2010 and in Quintana Roo since 2012 ...
... Mexico City, Sept ... Mexico City, March 5, 1992) was a Spanish-Mexican painter whose heavily European style was not appreciated by his contemporaries of the Mexican ... began his art career in Europe moving later to Mexico City ...
... Anillo Periférico, Mexico City ... The beltway gained major media attention when the Mexico City mayor, Andrés Manuel López Obrador, started a project to turn a southern section of the ring into a two-story ... Circuito Interior, Mexico City ...
Famous quotes containing the words city and/or mexico:
“Glorious things of thee are spoken, Zion city of our God!
He, whose word cannot be broken, Formd for thee his own abode:
On the rock of ages founded, What can shake thy sure repose?
With salvations walls surrounded Thou mayst smile at all thy foes.”
—John Newton (17251807)
“Is this what all these soldiers, all this training, have been for these seventy-nine years past? Have they been trained merely to rob Mexico and carry back fugitive slaves to their masters?”
—Henry David Thoreau (18171862)