Mnemonists are people with exceptional memory. These individuals have seemingly effortless memories and perform tasks that may seem challenging to the general population. There is strong evidence suggesting that exceptional performance is acquired and that "ordinary" people can improve their memory drastically with the use of appropriate practice and strategies. Because metamemory is important for the selection and application of strategies, it is also important for the improvement of memory.
Brain-imaging conducted by Tanaka et al. reveals that subjects with exceptional performance activate some brain regions that are different from those activated by control participants. Some memory performance tasks in which people display exceptional memory are chess, medicine, auditing, computer programming, bridge, physics, sports, typing, juggling, dance, and music.
Ericsson et al. conducted a study with an undergraduate student "S.F." who had an initial digit span of 7 (within the normal range). This means that, on average, he was able to recall sequences of 7 random numbers after they were presented. Following more than 230 hours of practice, S.F. was able to increase his digit span to 79. S.F.'s use of mnemonics was essential. He used race times, ages, and dates to categorize the numbers, creating mnemonic associations.
Another example of a mnemonist is Hideaki Tomoyori, who memorized 40 000 digits of pi.
Other articles related to "exceptional memory, memory":
... Mnemonic Eidetic memory Method of loci Art of memory Memory sport World Memory Championships ...
Famous quotes containing the words memory and/or exceptional:
“Beauclerc: Youve got a good memory for one who drinks.
Eddie: Drinkin dont bother my memory. If it did, I wouldnt drink. I couldnt. You see, Id forget how good it was. Then whered I be? Id start drinkin water again.”
—Jules Furthman (18881960)
“I believe that history has shape, order, and meaning; that exceptional men, as much as economic forces, produce change; and that passé abstractions like beauty, nobility, and greatness have a shifting but continuing validity.”
—Camille Paglia (b. 1947)