A medieval university is a corporation organized during the High Middle Ages for the purposes of higher learning.
The first institutions generally considered to be universities were established in Italy, France, Spain and England in the late 11th and the 12th centuries for the study of arts, law, medicine, and theology. These universities evolved from much older Christian cathedral schools and monastic schools, and it is difficult to define the date at which they became true universities, although the lists of studia generalia for higher education in Europe held by the Vatican are a useful guide.
"The word universitas originally applied only to the scholastic guild (or guilds)—that is, the corporation of students and masters—within the studium, and it was always modified, as universitas magistrorum, or universitas scholarium, or universitas magistrorum et scholarium. In the course of time, however, probably toward the latter part of the 14th century, the term began to be used by itself, with the exclusive meaning of a self-regulating community of teachers and scholars whose corporate existence had been recognized and sanctioned by civil or ecclesiastical authority."
From the early modern period onwards, this Western-style organizational form gradually spread from the medieval Latin west across the globe, eventually replacing all other higher-learning institutions and becoming the preeminent model for higher education everywhere.
Other articles related to "medieval, medieval university, university":
... The doctorate (Latin doceo, I teach) appeared in medieval Europe as a license to teach (Latin licentia docendi) at a medieval university ... emancipating universities, but was granted by the Pope to the University of Paris in 1231 where it became a universal license to teach (licentia ubique docendi) ... At the university, doctoral training was a form of apprenticeship to a guild ...
... Initially medieval universities did not have a campus ... A university was not a physical space but a collection of individuals banded together as a universitas ... At the Bologna university the students ran everything—a fact that often put teachers under great pressure and disadvantage ...
Famous quotes related to medieval university:
“The medieval university looked backwards; it professed to be a storehouse of old knowledge.... The modern university looks forward, and is a factory of new knowledge.”
—Thomas Henry Huxley (18251895)