Measles (also known as Rubeola, morbilli, or English measles), is an infection of the respiratory system caused by a virus, specifically a paramyxovirus of the genus Morbillivirus. Morbilliviruses, like other paramyxoviruses, are enveloped, single-stranded, negative-sense RNA viruses. Symptoms include fever, cough, runny nose, red eyes and a generalized, maculopapular, erythematous rash.

Measles is spread through respiration (contact with fluids from an infected person's nose and mouth, either directly or through aerosol transmission), and is highly contagious—90% of people without immunity sharing living space with an infected person will catch it. An asymptomatic incubation period occurs nine to twelve days from initial exposure and infectivity lasts from two to four days prior, until two to five days following the onset of the rash (i.e. four to nine days infectivity in total).

Read more about Measles:  Signs and Symptoms, Cause, Diagnosis, Prevention, Treatment, Prognosis, Epidemiology, Evolution, Genotypes

Other articles related to "measles":

Measles Vaccine - History
... Switching to study measles, Peebles was sent to a school where an outbreak of the disease was under way and was able to isolate the virus from some ... In the late 1950s and early 1960s, nearly twice as many children died from measles as from polio ... on the Edmonston strain of attenuated live measles virus, which was named for the student from which Peebles had taken the culture that led to the virus' cultivation ...
Measles Vaccine - Types
... Measles is rarely given as individual vaccine nowadays and is often given in combination with mumps and rubella ... Two types of vaccines are available for measles currently ... Mumps Measles Rubella vaccine, live (MMR-II) Mumps Measles Rubella and varicella virus vaccine (Proquad) Measles mumps rubella vaccine (MMR-II) MMR ...
Measles Vaccine - Effectiveness
... Before the widespread use of a vaccine against measles, its incidence was so high that infection with measles was felt to be "as inevitable as death and taxes ... In the United States, reported cases of measles fell from hundreds of thousands to tens of thousands per year following introduction of the vaccine in 1963 (see chart at right) ... The benefit of measles vaccination in preventing illness, disability, and death has been well documented ...
Measles Hemagglutinin
... Measles hemagglutinin is a hemagglutinin produced by measles virus. ...
Measles - History and Culture - The Americas
... Indigenous measles were declared to have been eliminated in North, Central, and South America the last endemic case in the region was reported on November 12, 2002 ... Outbreaks are still occurring, however, following importations of measles viruses from other world regions ... Between January 1 and April 25, 2008, a total of 64 confirmed measles cases were preliminarily reported in the United States to the CDC, the most reported by this date for any year since 2001 ...

Famous quotes containing the word measles:

    I can’t think of a single supposedly Black issue that hasn’t wasted the original Black target group and then spread like the measles to outlying white experience.
    June Jordan (b. 1936)