Martello Tower

Martello Tower

Martello towers, sometimes known simply as Martellos, are small defensive forts that were built across the British Empire during the 19th century, from the time of the Napoleonic Wars onwards.

They stand up to 40 feet (12m) high (with two floors) and typically had a garrison of one officer and 15–25 men. Their round structure and thick walls of solid masonry made them resistant to cannon fire, while their height made them an ideal platform for a single heavy artillery piece, mounted on the flat roof and able to traverse a 360° arc. A few towers had moats or other batteries and works attached for extra defence.

The Martello towers were used during the first half of the 19th century, but became obsolete with the introduction of powerful rifled artillery. Many have survived to the present day, often preserved as historic monuments.

In the later half of the 19th century, there was another spate of tower and fort building, during the premiership of Lord Palmerston. These fortifications are therefore correctly called the Palmerston Forts, although, because they are circular in design, some confuse them with Martello towers.

Read more about Martello Tower:  Origins, Design and Construction, Martello Towers Around The World

Other articles related to "martello tower, tower, martello towers, martellos, towers":

Martello Towers Around The World - List of Martello Towers Outside Great Britain
... Country Location Tower name Built Current status Australia Sydney Fort Denison 1856 Museum, harbour light station ... Barbuda Near Codrington River Fort Martello Tower Bermuda Ferry Reach 1823–1828 Can be visited British Virgin Islands Tortola Fort Recovery Private (hotel) Canada Halifax, Nova Scotia Prince of ... partially boarded off, can be visited Halifax, Nova Scotia Duke of Clarence's Tower c.1798 Demolished prior to 1900 Kingston, Ontario Fort Frederick 1846/7 Museum ...
Aldeburgh - Landmarks - Martello Tower
... A unique quatrefoil Martello Tower stands at the isthmus leading to the Orford Ness shingle spit ... The Martello Tower is the only surviving building of the fishing village of Slaughden, which had been washed away by the North Sea by 1936 ... Near the Martello Tower at Slaughden Quay are the barely visible remains of the fishing smack Ionia ...
Simon's Town - Martello Tower
... of 1795 or the first weeks of 1796 the British built a round tower on a site that today falls within the Naval Base ... The resulting tower was 26 feet high, had a base diameter of 42 feet, and walls 6 feet thick, though there is no evidence that the British ever installed the guns the tower ... In front of the tower the British also constructed a battery that they did arm with cannons ...
Banagher - Culture - Architecture, Buildings and Structures - Martello Tower
... Martello towers (or simply Martellos) are small defensive forts built in several countries of the British Empire during the 19th century, from the ... panic proportions amongst the authorities in Ireland and England in 1804 and the first towers were built in Ireland that year ... fleet tried to sail up the River Shannon, two towers were built on the middle reaches of the river to defend its crossing points ...

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