Margaret Thatcher

Margaret Thatcher

Margaret Hilda Thatcher, Baroness Thatcher, LG, OM, PC, FRS, née Roberts (born 13 October 1925) is a British politician, the longest-serving (1979–1990) Prime Minister of the United Kingdom of the 20th century, and the only woman ever to have held the post. A Soviet journalist nicknamed her the "Iron Lady", which became associated with her uncompromising politics and leadership style. As Prime Minister, she implemented Conservative policies that have come to be known as Thatcherism.

Originally a research chemist before becoming a barrister, Thatcher was elected Member of Parliament (MP) for Finchley in 1959. Edward Heath appointed her Secretary of State for Education and Science in his 1970 government. In 1975 Thatcher defeated Heath in the Conservative Party leadership election and became Leader of the Opposition, as well as the first woman to lead a major political party in the United Kingdom. She became Prime Minister after winning the 1979 general election.

After entering 10 Downing Street, Thatcher introduced a series of political and economic initiatives to reverse what she perceived to be Britain's precipitous national decline. Her political philosophy and economic policies emphasised deregulation (particularly of the financial sector), flexible labour markets, the privatisation of state-owned companies, and reducing the power and influence of trade unions. Thatcher's popularity during her first years in office waned amid recession and high unemployment, until economic recovery and the 1982 Falklands War brought a resurgence of support, resulting in her re-election in 1983.

Thatcher was re-elected for a third term in 1987, but her Community Charge (popularly referred to as "poll tax") was widely unpopular and her views on the European Community were not shared by others in her Cabinet. She resigned as Prime Minister and party leader in November 1990, after Michael Heseltine launched a challenge to her leadership. Thatcher holds a life peerage as Baroness Thatcher, of Kesteven in the County of Lincolnshire, which entitles her to sit in the House of Lords.

Read more about Margaret Thatcher:  Early Life and Education, Early Political Career, Prime Minister (1979–1990), Later Years, Legacy, Styles and Titles

Other articles related to "margaret thatcher, thatcher, margaret":

Cultural Depictions Of Margaret Thatcher - Music
... Thatcher was the subject of several songs while she was in power opposing her government, including The Beat's "Stand Down Margaret", as well as a sarcastic declaration of faux adoration (N ... looked forward to celebration of her death, including Morrissey's "Margaret on the Guillotine" ("The kind people have a wonderful dream, Margaret on the ... Songs with Thatcher as the subject include "All My Trials" by Paul McCartney ...
1990 In The United Kingdom - Events - November
... speech in the House of Commons, attacking the Prime Minister, Margaret Thatcher's hostility towards the EC ... Former cabinet minister Michael Heseltine announces that he will challenge Margaret Thatcher's leadership ... Despite constant disputes in the government and widespread doubt over Mrs Thatcher's position as prime minister and party leader, as well as the ...
Cultural Depictions Of Margaret Thatcher
... Margaret Thatcher in the arts and popular culture was mostly seen as a hate-filled, miserly figure, who attracted musical opprobrium like no other British political leader ... This page is a list of depictions of Margaret Thatcher on stage, in film, TV, radio, literature, music and in other forms of the arts and entertainment ...
Margaret Thatcher - Styles and Titles
... Miss Margaret Roberts (1925–1951) Mrs Margaret Thatcher (1951–1959) Mrs Margaret Thatcher, MP (1959–1970) The Rt Hon ... Margaret Thatcher, MP (1970–1990) The Rt Hon ... Lady Thatcher, OM, MP (1990–1992) The Rt Hon ...
Lady T - Styles and Titles
... Miss Margaret Roberts (1925–1951) Mrs Margaret Thatcher (1951–1959) Mrs Margaret Thatcher, MP (1959–1970) The Rt Hon ... Margaret Thatcher, MP (1970–1990) The Rt Hon ... Lady Thatcher, OM, MP (1990–1992) The Rt Hon ...

Famous quotes containing the words margaret thatcher and/or thatcher:

    Most women defend themselves. It is the female of the species—it is the tigress and lioness in you—which tends to defend when attacked.
    Margaret Thatcher (b. 1925)

    To me, consensus seems to be the process of abandoning all beliefs, principles, values and policies. So it is something in which no one believes and to which no one objects.
    —Margaret Thatcher (b. 1925)