Coordinates: 45°45′35″N 4°50′32″E / 45.7597°N 4.8422°E / 45.7597; 4.8422

Lyon (, ; Occitan: Lion ; Arpitan: Liyon ; /liːˈɒn/), traditionally spelt Lyons in English, is a city in east-central France in the Rhône-Alpes region, situated between Paris and Marseille. Etymologically it relates to the Celtic God Lugoves, Lugh as does Laon and Leiden. Lyon is located approximately 470 km (292 mi) from Paris, 320 km (199 mi) from Marseille, 420 km (261 mi) from Strasbourg, 160 km (99 mi) from Geneva, 280 km (174 mi) from Turin. The residents of the city are called Lyonnais.

The population of Lyon is 483,181. Together with its suburbs and satellite towns, Lyon forms the largest conurbation in France outside Paris, with a population estimated to be 1,422,331; its overall metropolitan area was estimated to have a population of 2,118,132. Its urban region represents half of the Rhône-Alpes region population with 2.9 million inhabitants. Lyon is the capital of this region, as well as the capital of the smaller Rhône département.

The city is known for its historical and architectural landmarks and is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Lyon was historically known as an important area for the production and weaving of silk and in modern times has developed a reputation as the capital of gastronomy in France. It has a significant role in the history of cinema due to Auguste and Louis Lumière who invented the cinematographe in Lyon. The city is also known for its famous light festival 'Fête des Lumieres' which occurs every 8 December and lasts for four days, earning Lyon the title of Capital of Lights. The legend says that the Virgin Mary saved the city from the plague, and to thank her, a statue was built; and on the day it was erected, the whole city was lit by candles that its citizens put at their windows. The local professional football team, Olympique Lyonnais, has increased Lyon's profile internationally through participation in European football championships.

Economically, Lyon is a major centre for banking as well as for chemical, pharmaceutical, and biotech industries. The city contains a significant software industry with a particular focus on video games, and in recent years has fostered a growing local start-up sector. Lyon also hosts the international headquarters of Interpol, Euronews and International Agency for Research on Cancer. Lyon is ranked 2nd in France as an economic centre and convention centre on some measures. Lyon was ranked 8th globally and 2nd in France for innovation in 2011. It ranked 38th globally in Mercer's 2010 liveability rankings.

Read more about Lyon:  History, Administration, Culture, Economy, Demographics, Education, Transport, Notable Residents, Movies in Lyon, International Relations, Gallery

Other articles related to "lyon":

Hakin9 - DICKS Hoax
... and current maintainer of Nmap, Gordon "Fyodor" Lyon, criticized Hakin9's editorial practices for accepting content he called "ridiculous", even to the title ... Lyon speculated that the chapter had been generated by SCIgen (software for generating nonsense computer science papers) ... Lyon initially obtained permission from Hakin9 to publish the chapter on the NMAP website, but once news of the hoax began to spread, Hakin9 sent Lyon a legal threat ...
Mathieu Bodmer - Club Career - Lyon
... On June 14, 2007, Lyon officially announced that they would be unveiling Kader Keïta and Bodmer to the media, the pair having already passed their ... On June 16, 2007, Lyon confirmed the signing of Bodmer from Lille for a €6.5 million fee ... Bodmer made his Ligue 1 debut for Lyon in Lyon's second match day loss to Toulouse ...
Damia (novel) - Plot
... Damia is told mainly from the point of view of Afra Lyon, the Rowan's assistant, a character first introduced in the previous book ... It then shows Lyon's view of the events of The Rowan, followed by his helping to raise Rowan and Jeff Raven's children, especially the precocious and powerful ... Lyon later realizes that he has fallen in love with his young ward, which gives him rather conflicted feelings ...
Jimmy Lyon
... Jimmy Lyon (born James Douglas Lyon on May 22, 1955) is an American rock guitarist. ...
Lyon - Gallery
... The lion is a common sight in Lyon A lion door knocker in Lyon The lion at Maison des Avocats A real lion in the Parc de la Tête d'Or The lion on the seal of Lyon Other images City Hall towering ...

Famous quotes containing the word lyon:

    ... no other railroad station in the world manages so mysteriously to cloak with compassion the anguish of departure and the dubious ecstasies of return and arrival. Any waiting room in the world is filled with all this, and I have sat in many of them and accepted it, and I know from deliberate acquaintance that the whole human experience is more bearable at the Gare de Lyon in Paris than anywhere else.
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