Lyme Disease

Lyme disease, Lyme borreliosis is an emerging infectious disease caused by at least three species of bacteria belonging to the genus Borrelia. Borrelia burgdorferi sensu stricto is the main cause of Lyme disease in North America, whereas Borrelia afzelii and Borrelia garinii cause most European cases. The disease is named after the towns of Lyme and Old Lyme, Connecticut, USA, where a number of cases were identified in 1975. Although Allen Steere realized that Lyme disease was a tick-borne disease in 1978, the cause of the disease remained a mystery until 1981, when B. burgdorferi was identified by Willy Burgdorfer.

Lyme disease is the most common tick-borne disease in the Northern Hemisphere. Borrelia is transmitted to humans by the bite of infected ticks belonging to a few species of the genus Ixodes ("hard ticks"). Early symptoms may include fever, headache, fatigue, depression, and a characteristic circular skin rash called erythema migrans (EM). Left untreated, later symptoms may involve the joints, heart, and central nervous system. In most cases, the infection and its symptoms are eliminated by antibiotics, especially if the illness is treated early. Delayed or inadequate treatment can lead to the more serious symptoms, which can be disabling and difficult to treat.

Read more about Lyme DiseaseSigns and Symptoms, Cause, Pathophysiology, Diagnosis, Prevention, Treatment, Prognosis, History, Society and Culture, Chronic Lyme Disease

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Southern Tick-associated Rash Illness - Causes
... This illness is a tick-borne disease carried by the Lone Star Tick Amblyomma americanum ... This tick was first proposed as a possible vector of disease in 1984, and the illnesses associated with the tick called "Lyme-like disease", but it was not until ... studies have failed to detect Borrelia burgdorferi, which is the causative agent of Lyme disease, in patients from the southern United States ...
Chronic Lyme Disease - Media
... A 2004 study in The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal stated 9 of 19 Internet websites surveyed contained what were described as major inaccuracies ... described as providing inaccurate information included several with the word "lyme" in their domain name (e.g ... as well as the website of the International Lyme And Associated Diseases Society ...
List Of Intervention Episodes - Season 4: 2007–2008
... Her mother wants her to go to a Lyme Disease treatment center, but Brooke's regular doctors are adamant that she does not have Lyme Disease ... indicated that Brooke underwent treatment for Lyme disease and rheumatoid arthritis at a center for chronic pain management where doctors continued to adjust her medications to alleviate her chronic pain ...
Lyme Disease Microbiology
... Lyme disease, or borreliosis, is caused by spirochetal bacteria from the genus Borrelia, which has at least 37 known species, 12 of which are Lyme related ... Borrelia species known to cause Lyme disease are collectively known as Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato ... and slow-growing—the primary reason for the long delays when diagnosing Lyme disease—and have been found to have greater strain diversity than previously estimated ...
Los Peñasquitos Lagoon - Dangers - Tick Diseases
... Ticks can carry Lyme disease or Tularemia (rabbit fever) ... Lyme disease, if left untreated, can cause heart and brain disorders, including paraplegia in severe cases, and Tularemia can lead to incapacitating fever and in rare cases ... Fortunately, Lyme disease happens to be "quite rare" in San Diego County, unlike most other counties in California, and Lyme disease is usually treatable, especially if detected early ...

Famous quotes containing the word disease:

    Smoking ... is downright dangerous. Most people who smoke will eventually contract a fatal disease and die. But they don’t brag about it, do they? Most people who ski, play professional football or drive race cars, will not die—at least not in the act—and yet they are the ones with the glamorous images, the expensive equipment and the mythic proportions. Why this should be I cannot say, unless it is simply that the average American does not know a daredevil when he sees one.
    Fran Lebowitz (b. 1950)