Lord Chancellor

The Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain, or Lord Chancellor, is a senior and important functionary in the government of the United Kingdom. He is the second highest ranking of the Great Officers of State, ranking after only the Lord High Steward. The Lord Chancellor is appointed by the Sovereign on the advice of the Prime Minister. Prior to the Union there were separate Lord Chancellors of England and Scotland.

The Lord Chancellor is a member of the Cabinet and, by law, is responsible for the efficient functioning and independence of the courts. Formerly he was also the presiding officer of the House of Lords, and the head of the judiciary in England and Wales, but the Constitutional Reform Act 2005 transferred these roles to the Lord Speaker and the Lord Chief Justice respectively. The current Lord Chancellor is Chris Grayling, who is also Secretary of State for Justice.

One of the Lord Chancellor's responsibilities is to act as the custodian of the Great Seal. A Lord Keeper of the Great Seal may be appointed instead of a Lord Chancellor. The two offices entail exactly the same duties; the only distinction is in the mode of appointment. Furthermore, the office of Lord Chancellor may be exercised by a committee of individuals known as "Lords Commissioners of the Great Seal", usually when there is a delay between an outgoing Chancellor and his replacement. The seal is then said to be "in commission". Since the 19th century, however, only Lord Chancellors have been appointed, the other offices having fallen into disuse.

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Read more about Lord ChancellorHistory, The Office, Legislative Functions, Executive Functions, Former Judicial Functions, Ecclesiastical Functions, Other Functions, Precedence and Privileges, Reform, Fictional Depictions

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... The Lord Chancellor may approve persons or bodies for the purpose of executing warrants pursuant to section 125B of the Magistrates' Courts Act 1980 ... The Lord Chancellor must maintain a register containing the names of all persons and bodies approved by him and must make such arrangements as he considers ... A decision by the Lord Chancellor to revoke the approval of a person or body does not have effect to revoke the approval until the Lord Chancellor has informed the person or body of ...
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... The Law Reform Committee was a committee in England and Wales appointed by the Lord Chancellor "to consider, having regard especially to judicial decisions, what changes are desirable in such ... The Lord Chancellor's decision to create this committee was announced on 2 May 1952 by the Attorney General, Lionel Heald, at the dinner of the West Surrey Law Society ...
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... William Page Wood, 1st Baron Hatherley, Lord Chancellor George Moberly, Headmaster of Winchester, later Bishop of Salisbury Christopher Wordsworth, Bishop of Lincoln ... David Samuel Margoliouth, orientalist William Palmer, 2nd Earl of Selborne, Lord Chancellor Percival Parr, footballer and barrister Theodore Dyke Acland ... of Student's t-test) Claud Schuster, 1st Baron Schuster, Permanent Secretary to the Lord Chancellor 1915–1944 ...
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... The most celebrated fictional depiction of a Lord Chancellor occurs in Iolanthe, the comic opera by W ... The Lord Chancellor is the central character in the work but is identified only by his title ... of fairies who become romantically involved with members of the House of Lords ...

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