List of National Historic Landmarks in Michigan - Current NHLs in Michigan

Current NHLs in Michigan

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# National Historic Landmark
+ National Historic Landmark District
  • Numbers represent an ordering by significant words. Different colors, defined here, differentiate the National Historic Landmark Districts from other NHL buildings, structures, sites or objects.
Landmark name Image Date of designation Location County Description
001 !1+ Bay View 1987 Petoskey
Emmet Established in 1876 as a Methodist camp meeting, this romantically-planned campground was converted to an independent chautauqua in 1885, a role it served until 1915. These two uniquely American community forms are exemplified in this extensive and well-preserved complex.
002 !2+ Calumet Historic District 1989 Calumet
Houghton Covering the industrial, commercial and residential districts of the Calumet and Hecla Mining Company operating area, Calumet focuses on the influence, innovations and longevity of the Michigan copper industry.
003 !3# City of Milwaukee (Great Lakes car ferry) 1990 Manistee
Manistee Between 1931 and 1982, the City of Milwaukee served as a car ferry across Lake Michigan. She is the only pre-1940 Great Lakes car ferry still in existence.
004 !4# Columbia (steamer) 1992 Detroit
Wayne This passenger steamship ferried passengers to Bois Blanc Island for the Detroit & Windsor Ferry Company, and is one of the last remaining examples of her kind. Designed by Frank E. Kirby, noted naval architect.
005 !5+ Cranbrook 1989 Bloomfield Hills
Oakland This idealist educational community was designed to promote learning in an atmosphere of beautiful architecture, and has been called "one of the most important groups of educational and architectural structures in America".
006 !6# Alden Dow House and Studio 1989 Midland
Midland This house and studio were the residence and acknowledged masterpiece of 20th century architect Alden B. Dow. The quality and originality of his work, as well as his association with Frank Lloyd Wright, have earned him lasting national recognition.
007 !7# Herbert H. Dow House 1976 Midland
Midland Between 1899 and 1930 this structure was home to Herbert H. Dow, founder of Dow Chemical Company.
008 !8# Durant-Dort Carriage Company Office 1978 Flint
Genesee Between 1895 and 1913, William C. Durant ran his automotive business activities from this office. The Durant-Dort Company was instrumental in the promotion and financing of the carriage and automobile industries, including lending to both Buick and General Motors during their start-up periods.
009 !9+ Edison Institute (Greenfield Village and Henry Ford Museum) 1981 Dearborn
Wayne Henry Ford conceived of the Edison Institute as a way to record the progress of the industrial era. The Henry Ford Museum, opened in 1929, holds an important place in the history of historic preservation and museums, especially outdoor village museums.
010 !10+ Fair Lane 1966 Dearborn
Wayne Between 1915 and 1950, this 56-room house was home to the family of Henry Ford. Originally designed by Marion Mahony Griffin in Prairie style, after construction began in 1914 the plans were altered by William H. Van Tine, who added elements of Late English Gothic style.
011 !11# Fisher Building 1989 Detroit
Wayne Built in 1927 by the Fisher brothers, this skyscraper is one of the greatest works by architect Albert Kahn. The Fishers intended this building to be a gift to Detroit and one of the most finely detailed major commercial buildings in the United States.
012 !12# Ford Piquette Avenue Plant 2006 Detroit
Wayne This production plant was the initial factory for the Ford Motor Company. Built in 1904, it was where the original Model T Ford was first designed and produced, and is the factory that earned Henry Ford his position in the American automotive industry.
013 !13+ Ford River Rouge Complex 1978 Dearborn
Wayne This complex, mostly constructed between 1917 and 1927, was where Henry Ford first achieved continuous work flow in the production of automobiles. It is considered "one of the industrial wonders of the world".
014 !14# Fort Michilimackinac 1960 Mackinaw City
Emmet This fort at the tip of Michigan's lower peninsula was originally constructed by the French, but was later occupied by the British. During the American Revolution it was the only manned British fort on the Great Lakes, and was not abandoned by them until 1781.
015 !15# Fox Theater (Detroit) 1989 Detroit
Wayne This flamboyant motion picture house was designed by Howard Crane and constructed in 1928, showcasing an eclectic mix of decoration from several Far East cultures.
016 !16# General Motors Building 1978 Detroit
Wayne Completed in 1923, this is the oldest extant headquarters of General Motors in Detroit. This building symbolizes one of the largest manufacturing corporations in the world.
017 !17# Grand Hotel 1989 Mackinac Island
Mackinac Built in the late 19th century, this white clapboard structure is one of the few extant large wood-framed hotels of the era. Situated on a bluff overlooking Lake Huron, it has been called "the American dream of "a summer place.""
018 !18# Guardian Building 1989 Detroit
Wayne Formerly known as the Union Trust building, this 1928 structure was used to portray a friendly atmosphere to customers of the Union Trust Company. As one example in the progression of skyscrapers in the US, it is designed using Arts and Crafts tiles on a steel frame.
019 !19# Ernest Hemingway Cottage 1968 Walloon Lake
Emmet From 1904 to 1921, this structure was the boyhood summer home of author Ernest Hemingway, where he learned to appreciate the outdoors that came to play a major part in his bibliography. Built in 1900, it is a one-story frame building called "Windemere".
020 !20# Highland Park Ford Plant 1978 Highland Park
Wayne Under construction from 1909 to 1920, the Albert Kahn-designed plant is thought to be the "birthplace of the moving assembly line". Automobile manufacturing operations began in 1910 and continued until 1927, at which point they were moved to the River Rouge Plant, leaving only truck and tractor manufacturing at the Highland Plant.
021 !21# Lightship No. 103 "Huron" 1989 Port Huron
St. Clair Lightships were used on the Great Lakes to mark dangerous areas not able to be marked by more typical lighthouses. Huron is the only extant ship of her type, and was the last one in service on the Lakes.
022 !22+ Mackinac Island 1960 Mackinac Island
Mackinac This island's key role in the early fur trade was secured by its location at the center of the Great Lakes region. Hosting the northern headquarters of John Jacob Astor's American Fur Company until the 1840s, it preserves numerous buildings relating to the fur industry. Its geopolitical importance is illustrated at Fort Mackinac; control of this strategic island was not settled until the 1814 Treaty of Ghent.
023 !23+ Marshall Historic District 1991 Marshall
Calhoun Originally considered for the location of the state capital, Marshall instead became a center of railroad activity and patent medicine production. Originally designed in the 1860s, much of the original architecture, ranging from Federal to Beaux Arts, remains, as does a majority of the original layout.
024 !24# Meadow Brook Hall 2012 Rochester Hills
Oakland Tudor revival estate of Matilda Dodge Wilson, built in the 1920s. It is one of the nation's largest historic houses.
025 !25# Michigan State Capitol 1992 Lansing
Ingham Designed by successful public building architect Elijah E. Myers and constructed between 1872 and 1878, it was the first of many state capitol buildings to be modeled after the US Capitol Building.
026 !26# Milwaukee Clipper (passenger steamship) 1989 Muskegon Muskegon This passenger steamship, originally known as Juniata, is the oldest on the Great Lakes, having been finished in 1905. After extensive reconstruction in 1940, she was renamed Milwaukee Clipper, although she still carries the original 1905 engines, the only extant example of their type.
027 !27+ North Manitou Island Lifesaving Station 1998 Sleeping Bear Dunes National Lakeshore
Leelanau Serving as a Great Lakes lifesaving station from 1854 to 1932, this is the only extant example of the nearly 200 stations that once existed. The stations were volunteer run until 1915, when they became part of the US Coast Guard, and existed to provide aid to victims of shipwrecks.
028 !28# Norton Mound Group 1965 Grand Rapids Kent From ca. 400 B.C. to A.D. 400, this was an important center of Hopewellian culture in the western Great Lakes region, and is considered one of the best-preserved examples in the area. Excavations in the late 1800s and mid-1900s gave insight into the construction of these mounds, and only around half of the original 40 mounds remain today.
029 !29# Parke-Davis Research Laboratory 1976 Detroit
Wayne Built in 1902, this was the first industrial research laboratory in the US established for the specific purpose of conducting pharmacological research. It inaugurated the commercial pure science approach which has driven the rapid development of pharmaceutical technology. National Park Service staff recommended withdrawal of landmark status in 2002 due to loss of the building's historic integrity during conversion to a hotel.
030 !30# Pewabic Pottery 1991 Detroit
Wayne This 1907 building, designed by William Stratton, is the home of ceramic artist Mary Chase Perry Stratton's studio and production facilities. Her work in the Arts and Crafts movement raised the artistic standard of American pottery, and is featured architecturally or curatorially in numerous prominent buildings and distinguished institutions.
031 !31+ Quincy Mining Company Historic District 1989 Hancock
Houghton This historic district, centered around the Quincy Mining Company's activities, showcases the US copper industry from the mid-1800s through 1920. Many facets of company towns, mining technology and ethnic settlement are represented.
032 !32# St. Clair River Tunnel 1993 Port Huron
St. Clair This tunnel represents a major advancement in railroad technology; when completed in 1891 it was the first sub-aqueous tunnel in North America that was designed for full-size trains. This advancement in construction technology allowed the creation of under-river tunnels that overcame the difficulties of building railway bridges over wide rivers.
033 !33# St. Ignace Mission 1960 St. Ignace
Mackinac Now a park, this was the location of a mission established by French priest Jacques Marquette, and the site of his burial in 1677. A second mission was established at a different site in 1837, and moved to St. Ignace in 1954.
034 !34# St. Mary's Falls Canal 1966 Sault Ste. Marie
Chippewa The original canal of the Soo Locks, the 1855 construction allowed passage for ships between Lake Superior and Lake Huron. This allowed resources to be moved from the Upper Peninsula of Michigan to commerce centers in the Lower Peninsula, allowing it to be considered one of the "most successful waterways constructed during the ante-bellum era".
035 !35# USS Silversides (submarine) 1986 Muskegon Muskegon Having sunk a confirmed total of 23 ships during World War II and been awarded 12 battle stars and a Presidential Unit Citation, the Silversides is the most decorated US submarine still in existence. During the war, she patrolled the Pacific Ocean with the mission of preventing crucial supplies and material from reaching the Japanese.

Read more about this topic:  List Of National Historic Landmarks In Michigan

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