List of Latter Day Saint Practitioners of Plural Marriage - The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints - Members of The First Presidency and Quorum of The Twelve Apostles

Members of The First Presidency and Quorum of The Twelve Apostles

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Ezra T. Benson
(1811-02-22)February 22, 1811
September 3, 1869(1869-09-03) (aged 58)
American
Quorum of the Twelve Apostles, called by Brigham Young, July 16, 1846 (1846-07-16) – September 3, 1869 (1869-09-03).
LDS Church Apostle, called by Brigham Young, July 16, 1846 (1846-07-16) – September 3, 1869 (1869-09-03).
April 27, 1844
8
Great-grandfather of the thirteenth president of LDS church, Ezra Taft Benson

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Abraham H. Cannon
(1859-03-12)March 12, 1859
July 19, 1896(1896-07-19) (aged 37)
American
Quorum of the Twelve Apostles, called by Wilford Woodruff, October 7, 1889 (1889-10-07) – July 19, 1896 (1896-07-19).
LDS Church Apostle, called by Wilford Woodruff, October 7, 1889 (1889-10-07) – July 19, 1896 (1896-07-19).
First Seven Presidents of the Seventy, called by John Taylor, October 8, 1882 (1882-10-08) – October 7, 1889 (1889-10-07).
Oct 15, 1879
3
Was a member of the Council of Fifty. Son of apostle George Q. Cannon. Convicted of unlawful cohabitation in 1886 and imprisoned for six months.

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George Q. Cannon
(1827-01-11)January 11, 1827
April 12, 1901(1901-04-12) (aged 74)
English
First Counselor in the First Presidency, called by Lorenzo Snow, September 13, 1898 (1898-09-13) – April 12, 1901 (1901-04-12).
First Counselor in the First Presidency, called by Wilford Woodruff, April 7, 1889 (1889-04-07) – September 2, 1898 (1898-09-02).
Quorum of the Twelve Apostles, July 25, 1887 (1887-07-25) – April 7, 1889 (1889-04-07).
First Counselor in the First Presidency, called by John Taylor, October 10, 1880 (1880-10-10) – July 25, 1887 (1887-07-25).
Quorum of the Twelve Apostles, August 29, 1877 (1877-08-29) – October 10, 1880 (1880-10-10).
Assistant Counselor in the First Presidency, called by Brigham Young, May 9, 1874 (1874-05-09) – August 29, 1877 (1877-08-29).
Counselor in the First Presidency, called by Brigham Young, June 8, 1873 (1873-06-08) – May 9, 1874 (1874-05-09).
Quorum of the Twelve Apostles, called by Brigham Young, August 26, 1860 (1860-08-26) – June 8, 1873 (1873-06-08).
LDS Church Apostle, called by Brigham Young, August 26, 1860 (1860-08-26) – April 12, 1901 (1901-04-12).
October 15, 1879
3
Convicted of unlawful cohabitation in 1886 and imprisoned for six months.

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Albert Carrington
(1813-01-08)January 8, 1813
September 19, 1889(1889-09-19) (aged 76)
American
Quorum of the Twelve Apostles, called by Brigham Young, July 3, 1870 (1870-07-03) – June 8, 1873 (1873-06-08).
Counselor in the First Presidency, called by Brigham Young, June 8, 1873 (1873-06-08) – May 9, 1874 (1874-05-09).
Assistant Counselor in the First Presidency, called by Brigham Young, May 9, 1874 (1874-05-09) – August 29, 1877 (1877-08-29).
Quorum of the Twelve Apostles, August 29, 1877 (1877-08-29) – November 7, 1885 (1885-11-07).
LDS Church Apostle, called by Brigham Young, July 3, 1870 (1870-07-03) – November 7, 1885 (1885-11-07).
c. 1842
2
Also served as an official Church Historian (1871–1874), as a members of the Council of Fifty and in the Utah Territorial Legislature (1869). Was excommunicated for adultery November 7, 1885, and later rebaptized on November 1, 1887; however, he was not reinstated as an apostle or as a general authority.

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Rudger Clawson
(1857-03-12)March 12, 1857
June 21, 1943(1943-06-21) (aged 86)
American
President of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles, March 17, 1921 (1921-03-17) – June 21, 1943 (1943-06-21).
Acting President of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles, November 23, 1918 (1918-11-23) – March 17, 1921 (1921-03-17).
Quorum of the Twelve Apostles, October 10, 1901 (1901-10-10) – June 21, 1943 (1943-06-21).
Second Counselor in the First Presidency, called by Lorenzo Snow, October 6, 1901 (1901-10-06) – October 10, 1901 (1901-10-10).
Quorum of the Twelve Apostles, called by Lorenzo Snow, October 10, 1898 (1898-10-10) – October 6, 1901 (1901-10-06).
LDS Church Apostle, called by Lorenzo Snow, October 10, 1898 (1898-10-10) – June 21, 1943 (1943-06-21).
March 29, 1883
2
Clawson served in the quorum for a total of 45 years. The town of Clawson, Utah is named after him. Clawson first person convicted of unlawful cohabitation under the Edmunds Act. He was sentence to 3½ years imprisonment and fined $1,500.

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Matthias F. Cowley
(1858-08-25)August 25, 1858
June 16, 1940(1940-06-16) (aged 81)
American
Quorum of the Twelve Apostles, called by Wilford Woodruff, October 7, 1896 (1896-10-07) – October 28, 1905 (1905-10-28).
LDS Church Apostle, called by Wilford Woodruff, October 7, 1896 (1896-10-07) – May 11, 1911 (1911-05-11).
September 22, 1889
3
The town of Cowley, Wyoming is named after him. Cowley resigned from the Quorum October 28, 1905. He remained an ordained apostle of the church until his priesthood was suspended in on May 11, 1911, and later restored on April 3, 1936. Reports of Cowley's continuing involvement in new plural marriages led to his priesthood being suspended, and he continued to be linked with plural marriage over the next several years.

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Jedediah M. Grant
(1816-02-21)February 21, 1816
December 1, 1856(1856-12-01) (aged 40)
American
Second Counselor in the First Presidency, called by Brigham Young, April 7, 1854 (1854-04-07) – December 1, 1856 (1856-12-01).
LDS Church Apostle, called by Brigham Young, April 7, 1854 (1854-04-07) – December 1, 1856 (1856-12-01).
First Seven Presidents of the Seventy, called by Brigham Young, December 2, 1845 (1845-12-02) – April 7, 1854 (1854-04-07).
February 11, 1849
7
He was known for his fiery speeches during the Reformation of 1856, earning the nickname, "Brigham's Sledgehammer". He was a member of the Council of Fifty and Mayor of Salt Lake City (1851–1856). He is the father of Heber J. Grant, who later served as President of the Church.

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Orson Hyde
(1805-01-08)January 8, 1805
November 28, 1878(1878-11-28) (aged 73)
American
President of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles, December 27, 1847 (1847-12-27) – April 10, 1875 (1875-04-10).
Quorum of the Twelve Apostles, January 14, 1846 (1846-01-14) – November 28, 1878 (1878-11-28).
Quorum of the Twelve Apostles, June 27, 1839 (1839-06-27) – January 11, 1846 (1846-01-11).
Quorum of the Twelve Apostles, called by Three Witnesses, February 15, 1835 (1835-02-15) – May 4, 1839 (1839-05-04).
LDS Church Apostle, called by Three Witnesses, February 15, 1835 (1835-02-15) – November 28, 1878 (1878-11-28).
April 1843
9
Was removed from the Quorum due to apostasy May 4, 1839, but readmitted Jun 27, 1839. As a result, was given reduced seniority on 10 Apr 1875. His wife Marinda allegedly married Joseph Smith in a polyandrous marriage while Hyde was on a mission to Jerusalem.

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Heber C. Kimball
(1801-06-14)June 14, 1801
June 22, 1868(1868-06-22) (aged 67)
American
First Counselor in the First Presidency, called by Brigham Young, December 27, 1847 (1847-12-27) – June 22, 1868 (1868-06-22).
Quorum of the Twelve Apostles, called by Three Witnesses, February 14, 1835 (1835-02-14) – December 27, 1847 (1847-12-27).
LDS Church Apostle, called by Three Witnesses, February 14, 1835 (1835-02-14) – June 22, 1868 (1868-06-22).
1842
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Amasa Lyman
(1813-03-30)March 30, 1813
February 4, 1877(1877-02-04) (aged 63)
American
Quorum of the Twelve Apostles, October 6, 1845 (1845-10-06) – October 6, 1867 (1867-10-06).
Counselor in the First Presidency, called by Joseph Smith, Jr., February 4, 1843 (1843-02-04) – June 27, 1844 (1844-06-27).
Quorum of the Twelve Apostles, called by Joseph Smith, Jr., August 20, 1842 (1842-08-20) – January 20, 1843 (1843-01-20).
Latter Day Saint Apostle, called by Joseph Smith, Jr., August 20, 1842 (1842-08-20) – October 6, 1867 (1867-10-06).
July 1843
9
Was temporarily removed from the Quorum of the Twelve due to the re-entry of Orson Pratt on January 20, 1843; Lyman was later readmitted on August 12, 1844. Lyman was excommunicated for apostasy on May 6, 1867.

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Francis M. Lyman
(1840-01-12)January 12, 1840
November 18, 1916(1916-11-18) (aged 76)
American
President of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles, October 6, 1903 (1903-10-06) – November 18, 1916 (1916-11-18).
Quorum of the Twelve Apostles, called by John Taylor, October 27, 1880 (1880-10-27) – November 18, 1916 (1916-11-18).
LDS Church Apostle, called by John Taylor, October 27, 1880 (1880-10-27) – November 18, 1916 (1916-11-18).
October 4, 1869
2
Member of the Council of Fifty. Son of Amasa M. Lyman

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Richard R. Lyman
(1870-11-23)November 23, 1870
December 31, 1963(1963-12-31) (aged 93)
American
Quorum of the Twelve Apostles, called by Joseph F. Smith, April 7, 1918 (1918-04-07) – November 12, 1943 (1943-11-12).
LDS Church Apostle, called by Joseph F. Smith, April 7, 1918 (1918-04-07) – November 12, 1943 (1943-11-12).
c. 1925
2
Son of Francis M. Lyman and grandson of Amasa M. Lyman. In 1925, Lyman had begun what he called a polygamous relationship without the knowledge of his first wife. Lyman was excommunicated on November 12, 1943. The Quorum of the Twelve provided the newspapers with a one-sentence announcement, stating that the ground for excommunication was violation of the law of chastity.

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Marriner W. Merrill
(1832-09-25)25 September 1832
6 February 1906(1906-02-06) (aged 73)
English ( Pre-Confederation New Brunswick-born)
Quorum of the Twelve Apostles, called by Wilford Woodruff, 7 October 1889 (1889-10-07) – 6 February 1906 (1906-02-06).
LDS Church Apostle, called by Wilford Woodruff, 7 October 1889 (1889-10-07) – 6 February 1906 (1906-02-06).
5 June 1856
8
Merrill was also the Postmaster of Richmond in 1866, a County Selectman from 1872 to 1879 and a member of the territorial legislature for two terms. Merrill married his eighth wife after the 1890 Manifesto announced the discontinuation of polygamy. He is alleged also to have advocated and performed post-Manifesto plural marriages. Merrill was summoned twice as a witness before the Smoot investigation before the United States Congress, but declined citing poor health.

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Charles W. Nibley
(1849-02-05)5 February 1849
11 December 1931(1931-12-11) (aged 82)
Scottish
Second Counselor in the First Presidency, called by Heber J. Grant, 28 May 1925 (1925-05-28) – 11 December 1931 (1931-12-11).
Presiding Bishop, called by Joseph F. Smith, 4 December 1907 (1907-12-04) – 28 May 1925 (1925-05-28).
30 March 1880
3
Nibley was also the fifth presiding bishop of the LDS Church between 1907 and 1925. He is one of the few individuals to serve in the First Presidency without having been ordained to the priesthood office of apostle.

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Orson Pratt
(1811-09-19)September 19, 1811
October 3, 1881(1881-10-03) (aged 70)
American
Quorum of the Twelve Apostles, January 20, 1843 (1843-01-20) – October 3, 1881 (1881-10-03).
Quorum of the Twelve Apostles, called by Three Witnesses, April 26, 1835 (1835-04-26) – August 20, 1842 (1842-08-20).
LDS Church Apostle, called by Three Witnesses, April 26, 1835 (1835-04-26) – October 3, 1881 (1881-10-03).
March 10, 1843
10
Younger brother of Parley P. Pratt. Was excommunicated for apostasy Aug 20, 1842, but readmitted Jan 20, 1843. As a result, was given reduced seniority in Jun 1875. Last surviving member of the original Quorum. Under the direction of Brigham Young, he published The Seer. The Seer was a periodical published to defend the LDS church's practice of polygamy. Despite William Clayton claiming in his journal, first published in 1921, that she had been told of the revelation on polygamy on July 12, 1843, Emma Smith, Joseph Smith's widow, claimed that the very first time she ever became aware of polygamy being attributed to her late husband was 10 years later when she read about it in Pratt's The Seer in 1853.

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Parley P. Pratt
(1807-04-12)April 12, 1807
May 13, 1857(1857-05-13) (aged 50)
American
Quorum of the Twelve Apostles, called by Three Witnesses, February 21, 1835 (1835-02-21) – May 13, 1857 (1857-05-13).
LDS Church Apostle, called by Three Witnesses, February 21, 1835 (1835-02-21) – May 13, 1857 (1857-05-13).
June 24, 1843
11
In 1857, on a farm northeast of Van Buren, Arkansas, Pratt was murdered by Hector McLean, the legal husband of one of Pratt's plural wives. Pratt is buried near Alma, Arkansas.

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Charles C. Rich
(1809-08-21)August 21, 1809
November 17, 1883(1883-11-17) (aged 74)
American
Quorum of the Twelve Apostles, called by Brigham Young, February 12, 1849 (1849-02-12) – November 17, 1883 (1883-11-17).
LDS Church Apostle, called by Brigham Young, February 12, 1849 (1849-02-12) – November 17, 1883 (1883-11-17).
January 6, 1845
6
Was also a member of the Council of Fifty.

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Franklin D. Richards
(1821-04-02)April 2, 1821
December 9, 1899(1899-12-09) (aged 78)
American
President of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles, September 13, 1898 (1898-09-13) – December 9, 1899 (1899-12-09).
Quorum of the Twelve Apostles, called by Brigham Young, February 12, 1849 (1849-02-12) – December 9, 1899 (1899-12-09).
LDS Church Apostle, called by Brigham Young, February 12, 1849 (1849-02-12) – December 9, 1899 (1899-12-09).
October 13, 1849
11

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Willard Richards
(1804-06-24)June 24, 1804
March 11, 1854(1854-03-11) (aged 49)
American
Second Counselor in the First Presidency, called by Brigham Young, December 27, 1847 (1847-12-27) – March 11, 1854 (1854-03-11).
Quorum of the Twelve Apostles, called by Joseph Smith, Jr., April 14, 1840 (1840-04-14) – December 27, 1847 (1847-12-27).
LDS Church Apostle, called by Joseph Smith, Jr., April 14, 1840 (1840-04-14) – March 11, 1854 (1854-03-11).
January 18, 1843
14
Richards was incarcerated in Carthage Jail with Joseph Smith, Jr., Hyrum Smith and John Taylor on June 27, 1844 when the jail was attacked by a mob and the Smith brothers were murdered.

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George A. Smith
(1817-06-26)June 26, 1817
September 1, 1875(1875-09-01) (aged 58)
American
First Counselor in the First Presidency, called by Brigham Young, October 7, 1868 (1868-10-07) – September 1, 1875 (1875-09-01).
Quorum of the Twelve Apostles, called by Joseph Smith, Jr., April 26, 1839 (1839-04-26) – October 7, 1868 (1868-10-07).
LDS Church Apostle, called by Joseph Smith, Jr., April 26, 1839 (1839-04-26) – September 1, 1875 (1875-09-01).
November 29, 1844
7
Cousin of Joseph Smith, Jr. During The Utah War, Smith visited southern Utah communities, after learning of the eminent arrival of U.S. troops into Utah Territory. Scholars have asserted that Smith’s tour, speeches, and personal actions may have contributed to the fear and tension in these communities, which lead to the Mountain Meadows massacre. George A. Smith's grandson, George Albert Smith, later became president of the church in 1945.

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John Henry Smith
(1848-09-18)September 18, 1848
October 13, 1911(1911-10-13) (aged 63)
American
Second Counselor in the First Presidency, called by Joseph F. Smith, April 7, 1911 (1911-04-07) – October 13, 1911 (1911-10-13).
Quorum of the Twelve Apostles, called by John Taylor, October 27, 1880 (1880-10-27) – April 7, 1911 (1911-04-07).
LDS Church Apostle, called by John Taylor, October 27, 1880 (1880-10-27) – October 13, 1911 (1911-10-13).
April 4, 1877
2
Son of George A. Smith. After being elected a member of the Utah Territorial Legislature in 1882, he played an important role in the process whereby Utah made the transition from a territory to a state of the United States.

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John W. Taylor
(1858-05-15)May 15, 1858
October 10, 1916(1916-10-10) (aged 58)

American
Quorum of the Twelve Apostles, called by John Taylor, April 9, 1884 (1884-04-09) – October 29, 1905 (1905-10-29).
LDS Church Apostle, called by John Taylor, April 9, 1884 (1884-04-09) – May 11, 1911 (1911-05-11).
September 25, 1888
6
Son of John Taylor. Resigned from the Quorum in October 1905 and was excommunicated in 1911. Due to his staunch belief in the doctrine of plural marriage, Taylor continued to privately marry additional wives even after the church officially forbade the practice with the 1890 Manifesto. When discovered, Taylor resigned from the Quorum of the Twelve.
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George Teasdale
(1831-12-08)8 December 1831
9 June 1907(1907-06-09) (aged 75)
English
Quorum of the Twelve Apostles, called by John Taylor, 16 October 1882 (1882-10-16) – 9 June 1907 (1907-06-09).
LDS Church Apostle, called by John Taylor, 16 October 1882 (1882-10-16) – 9 June 1907 (1907-06-09).

9
Was also a member of the Council of Fifty.

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Daniel H. Wells
(1814-10-27)October 27, 1814
March 24, 1891(1891-03-24) (aged 76)
American
Counselor to the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles, called by John Taylor, October 6, 1877 (1877-10-06) – March 24, 1891 (1891-03-24).
Second Counselor in First Presidency, called by Brigham Young, January 4, 1857 (1857-01-04) – August 29, 1877 (1877-08-29).
LDS Church Apostle, called by Brigham Young, January 4, 1857 (1857-01-04) – March 24, 1891 (1891-03-24).
February 15, 1849
7
Wells was a member of the Council of Fifty, Mayor of Salt Lake City (1866–1876), president of the Manti Utah Temple (1888–1891), and presided over the continuing construction of the Salt Lake Temple as the superintendent of public works for the LDS Church (1848–1863). On April 6, 1877, Wells, on behalf of Brigham Young, dedicated the St. George Utah Temple.

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John R. Winder
(1821-12-11)December 11, 1821
March 27, 1910(1910-03-27) (aged 88)
English
First Counselor in the First Presidency, called by Joseph F. Smith, October 17, 1901 (1901-10-17) – March 27, 1910 (1910-03-27).
Second Counselor in the Presiding Bishopric, called by William B. Preston, April 8, 1887 (1887-04-08) – October 17, 1901 (1901-10-17).
September, 30 1855
4
Winder was a figure in politics and the militia in the territory. He led the Nauvoo Legion to stop the advance of Johnston's Army in the Utah War of 1857. In the Black Hawk War (Utah), he fought as Adjutant General. Having never been a member of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles prior to his call to the First Presidency, a rarity, there has been some dispute as to whether or not Winder was ordained an Apostle at the time of his appointment as first counselor. The LDS Church has no record of Winder being ordained to the office of Apostle.

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Abraham O. Woodruff
(1872-11-23)November 23, 1872
June 20, 1904(1904-06-20) (aged 31)
American
Quorum of the Twelve Apostles, called by Wilford Woodruff, October 7, 1896 (1896-10-07) – June 20, 1904 (1904-06-20).
LDS Church Apostle, called by Wilford Woodruff, October 7, 1896 (1896-10-07) – June 20, 1904 (1904-06-20).
November 1, 1900
2
Son of Wilford Woodruff. He was ordained an apostle at the young age of 23, but served less than 8 years due to his death of smallpox. Married his second wife ten years after his father had issued the 1890 Manifesto.

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Brigham Young, Jr.
(1836-12-18)December 18, 1836
April 11, 1903(1903-04-11) (aged 66)
American
President of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles, October 17, 1901 (1901-10-17) – April 11, 1903 (1903-04-11).
Quorum of the Twelve Apostles, August 29, 1877 (1877-08-29) – April 11, 1903 (1903-04-11).
Assistant Counselor in the First Presidency, called by Brigham Young, May 9, 1874 (1874-05-09) – August 29, 1877 (1877-08-29).
Counselor in the First Presidency, called by Brigham Young, June 8, 1873 (1873-06-08) – May 9, 1874 (1874-05-09).
Quorum of the Twelve Apostles, called by Brigham Young, October 9, 1868 (1868-10-09) – June 8, 1873 (1873-06-08).
LDS Church Apostle, called by Brigham Young, February 4, 1864 (1864-02-04) – April 11, 1903 (1903-04-11).
March, 15, 1857
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Son of Brigham Young. Was ordained an apostle in 1864, but did not become member of the Quorum until 1868. Also served several terms in the Utah Territorial Legislature.

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John Willard Young
(1844-10-01)October 1, 1844
February 12, 1924(1924-02-12) (aged 79)
American
Counselor to the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles, called by John Taylor, October 6, 1877 (1877-10-06) – October 3, 1891; 121 years ago (1891-10-03).
First Counselor in the First Presidency, called by Brigham Young, October 8, 1876 (1876-10-08) – August 29, 1877; 135 years ago (1877-08-29).
Assistant Counselor in the First Presidency, called by Brigham Young, May 9, 1874 (1874-05-09) – October 8, 1876; 136 years ago (1876-10-08).
Counselor in the First Presidency, called by Brigham Young, June 8, 1873 (1873-06-08) – May 9, 1874; 138 years ago (1874-05-09).
LDS Church Apostle, called by Brigham Young, November 22, 1855 (1855-11-22) – February 12, 1924; 89 years ago (1924-02-12).
c. 1844
6
Served as member of the Council of Fifty. In 1888, Joseph F. Smith accused Young of unethically using church funds to maintain a lavish lifestyle. By April 1889, the First Presidency and Quorum of the Twelve Apostles were discussing Young’s release. In response, Young resigned from his position on October 3, 1891. For another 33 years, Young remained a church apostle, but never again served as a general authority.

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