Lin Biao

Lin Biao (pinyin: Lín Biāo; IPA: ; December 5, 1907– September 13, 1971) was a major Chinese Communist military leader who was pivotal in the communist victory in the Chinese Civil War, especially in Northeastern China. Lin was the general who commanded the decisive Liaoshen Campaign and Pingjin Campaign, co-led the Manchurian Field Army of the People's Liberation Army into Beijing, and crossed the Yangtze River in 1949. He ranked third among the Ten Marshals. Zhu De and Peng Dehuai were considered senior to Lin, and Lin ranked ahead of He Long and Liu Bocheng.

Lin abstained from taking an active role in politics after the civil war, but became instrumental in creating the foundations for Mao Zedong's cult of personality in the early 1960s. Lin was rewarded for his service to Mao by being named Mao's designated successor during the Cultural Revolution, from 1966 until his death.

Lin died in September 1971 when his plane crashed in Mongolia, following what appeared to be a failed coup to oust Mao. Because little inside information is available to the public on this "Lin Biao incident", the exact events preceding Lin's death have been a source of speculation among China scholars ever since. Following Lin's death, he was officially condemned as a traitor by the Communist Party of China. He and Jiang Qing are still considered to be the two "major Counter-revolutionary cliques" blamed for the excesses of the Cultural Revolution.

Read more about Lin BiaoThe "Lin Biao Incident"

Other articles related to "lin biao, lin":

Campaign To Defend Siping - Third Stage
... the technical nor the numerical superiority, Lin Biao felt it was much more important to preserve the communist strength for the future and he radioed Mao Zedong on May ... After sending the message, Lin Biao ordered a general withdraw without waiting for the Mao’s reply, and by midnight, the general withdraw in an ... in which Mao finally changed his mind and agreed with Lin Biao ...
Lin Liguo
... Lin Liguo (Chinese 林立果, 1945 - September 13, 1971) was the son of the Chinese Communist military leader Lin Biao and the person in charge of Project 571 Outline, a plotted coup against Mao Zedong ... Lin joined the People's Liberation Army Air Force in 1967 and was promoted to the deputy director of the Office of the Air Force Command in 1969 ... Mao Zedong's government claims, that in 1970, under his father Lin Biao's direction, Lin Liguo made a plan known as Project 571 (in Chinese sounds ...
Campaign To Defend Siping - Second Stage
... To better defend the city, Lin Biao redeployed his forces the 21st Regiment of the 7th Brigade of the communist Western Manchurian 3rd Division, the 67th Regiment and the 2nd Regiment of ... Lin Biao was well aware that the communist force at the time was not capable of fighting with the New 1st Army face to face, and telegraphed back on April 29, claiming ... On April 1, Mao Zedong telegrammed Lin Biao, giving the latter the following orders First, Lin Biao would have the overall control of the communist political and ...
The "Lin Biao Incident" - Aftermath
... Lin Biao was survived by Doudou and one other daughter ... All military officials identified as being close to Lin or his family (most of China's high military command) were purged within weeks of Lin's disappearance ... admitting their associations with Lin ...
Siping Campaign - First Stage
... On June 14, 1947, Lin Biao ordered the 11th Division and the 12th Division of the communist 4th Column to strike south toward Shenyang and Fushun to distract nationalist forces stationed in those cities from ... By June 19, 1947, Lin Biao was forced to send the 17th Division and the 18th Division of the communist 6th Column to reinforce the communists fighting inside the ... even sent a telegraph congratulating Lin Biao for taking the city ...

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