Lexical Item

A lexical item (or lexical unit, lexical entry) is a single word, a part of a word, or a chain of words (=catena) that forms the basic elements of a language's lexicon (≈vocabulary). Examples are cat, traffic light, take care of, by the way, and it's raining cats and dogs. Lexical items can be generally understood to convey a single meaning, much as a lexeme, but are not limited to single words. Lexical items are like semes in that they are "natural units" translating between languages, or in learning a new language. In this last sense, it is sometimes said that language consists of grammaticalized lexis, and not lexicalized grammar. The entire store of lexical items in a language is called its lexis.

Lexical items composed of more than one word are also sometimes called lexical chunks, gambits, lexical phrases, lexical units, lexicalized stems, or speech formulae. The term polyword listemes is also sometimes used.

Read more about Lexical Item:  Types of Lexical Items, Form-meaning Correspondence

Other articles related to "lexical item, lexical items, items":

Lexical Item - Form-meaning Correspondence
... Many lexical items are either a whole word or part of a word, whereas many other lexical items consist of parts of one or more words or of multiple words in their entirety ... Many multi-word lexical items cannot be construed as constituents in syntax in any sense ... development in the field of syntax is that lexical items are stored in the lexicon as catenae, whereby a given catena may or not be a constituent ...
Grammaticalization - Unidirectionality Hypothesis - Counterexamples
... as cases of lexicalization, where a grammatical form is incorporated into a lexical item but does not itself become a lexical item ... word), though without up becoming a verb outside of this lexical item ... Examples which are not confined to a specific lexical item are less common ...
Quebec French - Overview of The Relation To European French - Lexis - Distinctive Features
... While the majority of lexical items in Quebec French exist in other dialects of French, many words and expressions are unique to Quebec ... and Native American can be reflected in any of these five lexically specific items (québécismes lexématiques), which do not exist in other varieties of French semantic ... Examples of lexically specific items Quebec French Metropolitan French English gloss abrier couvrir to cover astheure (à c't'heure) maintenant now chum (m ...

Famous quotes containing the word item:

    The best way to teach a child restraint and generosity is to be a model of those qualities yourself. If your child sees that you want a particular item but refrain from buying it, either because it isn’t practical or because you can’t afford it, he will begin to understand restraint. Likewise, if you donate books or clothing to charity, take him with you to distribute the items to teach him about generosity.
    Lawrence Balter (20th century)