Late Chinese Empire - Prehistory - Neolithic

Neolithic

See also: List of Neolithic cultures of China

The Neolithic age in China can be traced back to about 10,000 BC.

Early evidence for proto-Chinese millet agriculture is radiocarbon-dated to about 7000 BC. Farming gave rise to the Jiahu culture (7000 to 5800 BC). At Damaidi in Ningxia, 3,172 cliff carvings dating to 6000–5000 BC have been discovered, "featuring 8,453 individual characters such as the sun, moon, stars, gods and scenes of hunting or grazing." These pictographs are reputed to be similar to the earliest characters confirmed to be written Chinese. Excavation of a Peiligang culture site in Xinzheng county, Henan, found a community that flourished in 5,500–4,900 BC, with evidence of agriculture, constructed buildings, pottery, and burial of the dead. With agriculture came increased population, the ability to store and redistribute crops, and the potential to support specialist craftsmen and administrators. In late Neolithic times, the Yellow River valley began to establish itself as a center of Yangshao culture (5000 BC to 3000 BC), and the first villages were founded; the most archaeologically significant of these was found at Banpo, Xi'an. Later, Yangshao culture was superseded by the Longshan culture, which was also centered on the Yellow River from about 3000 BC to 2000 BC.

The early history of China is obscured by the lack of written documents from this period, coupled with the existence of later accounts that attempted to describe events that had occurred several centuries previously. In a sense, the problem stems from centuries of introspection on the part of the Chinese people, which has blurred the distinction between fact and fiction in regards to this early history.

Read more about this topic:  Late Chinese Empire, Prehistory

Other articles related to "neolithic":

List Of Food Origins - Middle East - Neolithic Founder Crops
... The Neolithic founder crops (or primary domesticates) are the eight plant species that were domesticated by early Holocene (Pre-Pottery Neolithic A and Pre-Pottery Neolithic B) farming communities in the Fertile ... of a domesticated plant species), it was an insignificant in the Neolithic Period of southwest Asia and only became common with the spread of farming into northern Europe ...
Stone-Age Poland - Neolithic - Late Neolithic Arrivals From Eastern and Western Regions of Europe
... A Corded Ware culture princely burial was found in Szczytna, Subcarpathian Voivodeship ... The grave, well-secured three meters below the surface, contained a man's skeleton and a funerary gift collection of highly valuable copper decorations, containers, stone tools and arrowheads ...
Neolithic - List of Cultures and Sites
... Early Neolithic Periodization The Levant 10,000 to 8500 BC Europe 5000 to 4000 BC Elsewhere varies greatly, depending on region ... Dudeşti culture Franchthi Cave people Earliest European Neolithic site 20th to 3rd millennium BC Sesclo village culture Starcevo-Criş culture (also known as the Starčevo-Kör ... Zhaobaogou culture Later Neolithic Periodization 6500 to 4500 BC Europe 3500 to 3000 BC Elsewhere varies greatly, depending on region ...
Chia Jani - Excavation
... This site dates to the Early (Aceramic) and Middle Neolithic period ... include the so-called "tad pole ware" of the Middle Neolithic period and Plano-convex bricks reported from Early to Middle Neolithic sites in the region, including Sarab and Ganj Darreh to the east and Jarmo to the ...