Kuwait, officially the State of Kuwait i/kuːˈweɪt/ (Arabic: دولة الكويت‎ Dawlat al-Kuwayt ), is a sovereign Arab state situated in the north-east of the Arabian Peninsula in Western Asia. It lies on the north-western shore of the Persian Gulf and is bordered by Saudi Arabia to the south (at Khafji) and Iraq to the north (at Basra). The name Kuwait is derived from the Arabic أكوات ākwāt, the plural of كوت kūt, meaning "fortress built near water". The country covers an area of 17,820 square kilometers (6,880 square miles) and has a population of about 3.5 million.

Historically, the region was the site of Characene, a major Parthian port for trade between Mesopotamia and India. The Bani Utbah tribe were the first permanent Arab settlers in the region, laying the foundation for the modern emirate. By the 19th century, Kuwait came under the influence of the Ottoman Empire. After World War I, it emerged as an independent sheikhdom under the protection of the British Empire. Kuwait's large oil fields were discovered in the late 1930s.

After Kuwait gained independence from the United Kingdom in 1961, the state's oil industry saw unprecedented economic growth. In 1990, Kuwait was invaded and annexed by neighboring Iraq. The seven month-long Iraqi occupation came to an end after a direct military intervention by United States-led forces. Around 773 Kuwaiti oil wells were set ablaze by the retreating Iraqi army, resulting in a major environmental and economic catastrophe. Kuwait's infrastructure was badly damaged during the war and had to be rebuilt.

Kuwait is a constitutional emirate with a parliamentary system of government. Kuwait City serves as the country's political and economic capital. The country has the world's fifth largest oil reserves and petroleum products now account for nearly 95% of export revenues and 80% of government income. Kuwait is the eleventh richest country in the world per capita and, in 2007, had the highest human development index (HDI) in the Arab world. Kuwait is classified as a high income economy by the World Bank and is designated as a major non-NATO ally of the United States.

Read more about Kuwait:  History, Politics, Foreign Relations and Military, Geography and Climate, Governorates, Economy, Education, Demographics, Transportation, Media, Celebrations

Other articles related to "kuwait":

1983 Kuwait Bombings - Aftermath
... the 17 Kuwaitis gained freedom, reportedly during the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait when 1,300 prisoners escaped from Kuwait's Saidia central prison ... Al-Dawa has insisted that the attacks in Kuwait were perpetrated by agents who had been "hijacked" by Iran ... faction of the United Iraqi Alliance (UIA), was also sentenced to death in Kuwait for planning the al-Dawa bombings ...
Krispy Kreme Operations By Country - Kuwait
... The first Krispy Kreme in the Middle East opened in Kuwait's Marina World shopping complex in late November 2006 ...
Kuwait - Celebrations
... Eid ul Fitr and Eid ul Adha are two of the major festivals in Kuwait ... Each year, the people of Kuwait celebrate 25 and 26 February, as the national and liberation day, respectively ... On 10 November 2012, Kuwait marked the golden jubilee of its constitution with a spectacular KD 4.06-million ($15-million) fireworks display, featuring 77,282 ...
1983 Kuwait Bombings - Motivation
... Kuwait had given considerable support to Iraq in the 1980-1988 Iran–Iraq War ... Between 1983-4 Kuwait provided $7 billion in financial assistance and was second to Saudi Arabia in aiding Iraq, Massive destruction and loss of life in Kuwait would also have provided an example to the other oil-rich ... billion, Americans and the French are thought to have been targets in Kuwait because of their assistance to Iraq and lack of help to Iran ...
Miskan Island
... uninhabited island in the Persian Gulf off Kuwait ... The distance between Miskan and the nearest part of mainland Kuwait is about 24 kilometers ... it is a link in a chain of islands along Kuwait's coastline from north to south, which provide Kuwait with a defensive frontline ...