King Charles Spaniel

The King Charles Spaniel (also known as the English Toy Spaniel) is a small dog breed of the spaniel type. In 1903, the Kennel Club combined four separate toy spaniel breeds under this single title. The other varieties merged into this breed were the Blenheim, Ruby and Prince Charles Spaniels, each of which contributed one of the four colours available in the breed.

Thought to have originated in the Far East, toy spaniels were first seen in Europe during the 16th century. They were made famous by their association with Charles II of England (1630–1685) and have been linked with English royalty since the time of Mary Tudor (1516–1558). Members of the breed have been owned by Grand Duchess Anastasia Nikolaevna of Russia, Queen Victoria and Queen Elizabeth II.

The King Charles Spaniel and the other types of toy spaniels were crossbred with the Pug in the early 19th century to reduce the size of the nose, as was the style of the day. The 20th century saw attempts to restore lines of King Charles Spaniels to the breed of Charles II's time. These included the unsuccessful Toy Trawler Spaniel and the now popular Cavalier King Charles Spaniel. The Cavalier is slightly larger, with a flat head and a longer nose, while the King Charles is smaller, with a domed head and a flat face.

Historically the breeds that were merged into the King Charles Spaniel were used for hunting; due to their stature they were not well suited. They have kept their hunting instincts, but do not exhibit high energy and are better suited to being lapdogs. The modern breed is prone to several health problems, including cardiac conditions and a range of eye issues.

Read more about King Charles SpanielHistory, Description, Temperament, Health

Other articles related to "spaniels, spaniel, king charles spaniel, king charles, king charles spaniels":

Toy Dog - Breeds
... Dogs Section 5 Tibetan breeds Section 6 Chihuahua Section 7 English Toy Spaniels Section 8 Japanese Chin and Pekingese Section 9 Continental Toy Spaniel Section 10 Kromfohrländer Section 11 Small Molossian ... Brabançon (Small Brabant Griffon) Chinese Crested Dog Lhasa Apso Shih Tzu Tibetan Spaniel Tibetan Terrier Chihuahua Cavalier King Charles Spaniel King Charles ... Short Coat) English Toy Terrier (Black and Tan) English Toy Spaniel Italian Greyhound Japanese Spaniel King Charles Spaniel Lowchen (Little Lion Dog) Manchester Terrier Miniature ...
Toy Group Breeds - Comparison of Toy Group Breeds of Major Kennel Clubs
... Frise Bolognese not recognized not recognized Bolognese Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Cavalier King Charles ...
King Charles Spaniel - Health - Other Common Issues
... Being a brachycephalic breed, King Charles Spaniels can be sensitive to anesthesia ... Other congenital and hereditary disorders found in the King Charles Spaniel are hanging tongue, where a neurological defect prevents the tongue from retracting into ... The English Toy Spaniel Club of America recommends that umbilical hernias be corrected only if other surgery is required, due to the risk of surgery in brachycephalic breeds ...
Cavalier King Charles Spaniel
... The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is a small spaniel classed as a toy dog by The Kennel Club ... It is a smaller breed of spaniel, and Cavalier adults are often the same size as adolescent dogs of other spaniel breeds ... The King Charles changed drastically in the late 17th century, when it was interbred with flat-nosed breeds ...
Cavalier King Charles Spaniel - Description
... The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is one of the largest toy breeds ... Nonetheless, it is small for a spaniel, with fully grown adults comparable in size to adolescents of other larger spaniel breeds ... The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel and the English Toy Spaniel can be often confused with each other ...

Famous quotes containing the word king:

    To be a king and wear a crown is more glorious to them that see it than it is pleasure to them that bear it.
    Elizabeth I (1533–1603)