Johannesburg (/dʒoʊˈhænɪsbɜrɡ/; ) also known as Jozi, Jo'burg, eGoli or Joeys, is the largest city in South Africa, by population. Johannesburg is the provincial capital of Gauteng, the wealthiest province in South Africa, having the largest economy of any metropolitan region in Sub-Saharan Africa. The city is one of the 50 largest metropolitan areas in the world, and is also the world's largest city not situated on a river, lake, or coastline. It claims to be the lightning capital of the world, though this title is also claimed by others.

While Johannesburg is not one of South Africa's three capital cities, it is the seat of the Constitutional Court, which has the final word on interpretation of South Africa's new post-Apartheid constitution. The city is the source of a large-scale gold and diamond trade, due to its location on the mineral-rich Witwatersrand range of hills. Johannesburg is served by O.R. Tambo International Airport, the largest and busiest airport in Africa and a gateway for international air travel to and from the rest of Southern Africa. More recently Lanseria International Airport has started international flights, and is situated conveniently on the opposite side of the metropolis.

According to the 2007 Community Survey, the population of the City of Johannesburg was 4,434,827 and the population of the Greater Johannesburg Metropolitan Area was 7,151,447. A broader definition of the Johannesburg metropolitan area, including Ekurhuleni, the West Rand, Soweto and Lenasia, has a population of 10,267,700. The municipal city's land area of 1,645 km2 (635 sq mi) is very large when compared to other cities, resulting in a moderate population density of 2,364 /km2 (6,120 /sq mi).

Johannesburg includes Soweto, which was a separate city from the late 1970s until the 1990s. Originally an acronym for "South-Western Townships", Soweto originated as a collection of settlements on the outskirts of Johannesburg populated mostly by native African workers in the gold mining industry. Eventually incorporated into Johannesburg, the apartheid regime (in power 1948–1994) separated Soweto from the rest of Johannesburg to make it a completely Black area.

The area called Lenasia is now also part of Johannesburg and is predominantly populated by those of Indian ethnicity since the apartheid era.

Read more about Johannesburg:  History, Geography, Climate, Cityscape, Demographics, Government, Crime, Economy, Communications and Media, Suburbs, Tourism, Sports Teams and Stadiums, Transport, Education and Culture

Other articles related to "johannesburg":

Lionel Phillips - Art and Philanthropy
... Florence campaigned for the founding of the Johannesburg Art Gallery and arranged its first collections, including her lace collection, while Lionel donated seven oils and a Rodin sculpture ... Besides the gallery, their lasting contribution to Johannesburg was the Rand Regiments Memorial, designed by Herbert Baker, at the Johannesburg Zoo ...
SS City Of Johannesburg
... The SS City of Johannesburg was a British merchant steamer, sunk in the Second World War ... She was renamed SS City of Johannesburg in 1926 and was homeported in Liverpool ...
Mary Fitzgerald (trade Unionist)
... As a typist for the Mine Workers Union in Johannesburg she was appalled by the conditions under which miners worked and became involved in related industrial action ... In Johannesburg, Mary became editor of a radical publication known as The Voice of Labour which she used as a vehicle for contesting capitalist relations and worker rights in the ... some sources she spoke at a protest meeting during a strike by Johannesburg tram workers in 1911, brandishing a pick handle that had been used by police to break up the strike ...
Lubavitch Yeshiva Gedolah Of Johannesburg
... The Lubavitch Yeshiva Gedolah of Johannesburg ("Yeshivas Ohr Menachem") is a Chabad Yeshiva based in Orchards, Johannesburg ...
Johannesburg, California - Demographics - 2000
... There were 85 households out of which 21.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 36.5% were married couples living together, 11.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 45.9% were non-families. 35.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 21.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older ...