Jerusalem Talmud

The Jerusalem Talmud, talmud meaning "instruction", "learning", (Hebrew: תַּלְמוּד יְרוּשָׁלְמִי, Talmud Yerushalmi, often Yerushalmi for short), is a collection of Rabbinic notes on the 2nd-century Mishnah (Jewish oral tradition) which was compiled in the Land of Israel during the 4th-5th centuries, then divided between the Byzantine provinces of Palaestina Prima and Palaestina Secunda. The voluminous text is also known as the Palestinian Talmud or Talmud de-Eretz Yisrael (Talmud of the Land of Israel). These latter names are considered more accurate by some because, while the work was certainly composed in "the West" (i.e. the Holy Land), it originates from the Galilee area rather than from Jerusalem.

The Jerusalem Talmud predates its counterpart, the Babylonian Talmud (also known as the Talmud Bavli), by about 200 years and is written in both Hebrew and Jewish Palestinian Aramaic. It includes the core component, the Mishna, finalized by Rabbi Judah the Prince (c. 200 CE) along with the written discussions of generations of rabbis in the Land of Israel (primarily in the academies of Tiberias and Caesarea) which was compiled c. 350-400 CE into a series of books that became the Gemara (גמרא – from gamar: Hebrew " complete"; Aramaic " study"). The Gemara, when combined with the Mishnah, constitutes the Talmud.

There are two recensions of the Gemara, one compiled by the scholars of the Land of Israel and the other by those of Babylonia (primarily in the academies of Sura and Pumbedita, completed c. 500 CE). The Babylonian Talmud is often seen as more authoritative and is studied much more than the Jerusalem Talmud. In general, the terms "Gemara" or "Talmud," without further qualification, refer to the Babylonian recension.

Read more about Jerusalem Talmud:  Historical Context, Text Editions, Place and Date of Composition, Comparison To Babylonian Talmud, Influence of The Jerusalem Talmud, Translations Into English, Commentators On The Jerusalem Talmud

Other articles related to "jerusalem talmud, talmud, jerusalem":

Commentators On The Jerusalem Talmud
... Compared to the Babylonian Talmud, the Jerusalem Talmud has not received as much attention from commentators, and such traditional commentaries as exist ... The Jerusalem Talmud has also received some attention from Adin Steinsaltz, who plans a translation into modern Hebrew and accompanying explanation ... Commentators on the Jerusalem Talmud 16th century Samuel Jaffe Ashkenazi Elazar Azkari Shlomo Sirilo 17th century Joshua ben Israel Benveniste 18th century Elijah ...
Behaalotecha - In Classical Rabbinic Interpretation - Numbers Chapter 9
... Babylonian Talmud Pesachim 6b.) Rav Nahman bar Isaac noted that both Numbers 11 and Numbers 91 begin, "And the Lord spoke to Moses in the wilderness of Sinai", and deduced that just as ... Babylonian Talmud Pesachim 6b.) Chapter 9 of Tractate Pesachim in the Mishnah and Babylonian Talmud and chapter 8 of Tractate Pisha (Pesachim) in ... Pesachim 91–4 Tosefta Pisha (Pesachim) 81–10 Babylonian Talmud Pesachim 92b–96b.) And tractate Pesachim in the Mishnah, Tosefta, Jerusalem ...
Shlach - In Classical Rabbinic Interpretation - Numbers Chapter 15
... (Mishnah Zevachim 43 Babylonian Talmud Zevachim 43a.) And the Mishnah ruled that these meal-offerings required oil but not frankincense ... (Mishnah Menachot 53 Babylonian Talmud Menachot 59a.) Tractate Challah in the Mishnah, Tosefta, and Jerusalem Talmud interpreted the laws of separating a portion of bread for the priests in Numbers 1517–21 ... Challah 11–411 Tosefta Challah 11–212 Jerusalem Talmud Challah 1a–49b.) Tractate Shabbat in the Mishnah, Tosefta, Jerusalem Talmud, and Babylonian ...
Adda Bar Ahavah - The Amora of The Second Generation
... as an amora of the second generation (third and fourth centuries), frequently quoted in both the Jerusalem Talmud and the Babylonian Talmud ... (Babylonian Talmud Kiddushin 72a–b Genesis Rabbah 632.) He was a disciple of Abba Arika (Rav), at whose funeral he rent his garments twice in mourning for the great scholar ... Jerusalem Talmud Bava Metzia 3a Babylonian Talmud Berakhot 42b–43a.) In Pumbedita, Rav Adda gathered about him many pupils, whom he taught sometimes in ...
Elisha Ben Abuyah - Analysis of The Talmud's Account
... It bases this on the fact that the Jerusalem Talmud mentions Elisha's betrayal of Pharisees ... Pharisaism, despite the fact the sages who redacted the Jerusalem Talmud were Pharisees and may have simply focused on the betrayal against their own community ... The Jerusalem Talmud is also the authority for the statement that Elisha played the part of an informer during the Hadrianic persecutions, when the Jews were ordered to violate ...

Famous quotes containing the word jerusalem:

    And was Jerusalem builded here,
    Among these dark Satanic Mills?
    William Blake (1757–1827)