James Watt

James Watt, FRS, FRSE (19 January 1736 – 25 August 1819) was a Scottish inventor and mechanical engineer whose improvements to the Newcomen steam engine were fundamental to the changes brought by the Industrial Revolution in both his native Great Britain and the rest of the world.

While working as an instrument maker at the University of Glasgow, Watt became interested in the technology of steam engines. He realised that contemporary engine designs wasted a great deal of energy by repeatedly cooling and re-heating the cylinder. Watt introduced a design enhancement, the separate condenser, which avoided this waste of energy and radically improved the power, efficiency, and cost-effectiveness of steam engines. Eventually he adapted his engine to produce rotary motion, greatly broadening its use beyond pumping water.

Watt attempted to commercialise his invention, but experienced great financial difficulties until he entered a partnership with Matthew Boulton in 1775. The new firm of Boulton and Watt was eventually highly successful and Watt became a wealthy man. In his retirement, Watt continued to develop new inventions though none were as significant as his steam engine work. He died in 1819 at the age of 83. Watt has been described as one of the most influential figures in human history.

He developed the concept of horsepower and the SI unit of power, the watt, was named after him.

Read more about James Watt:  Biography, Murdoch's Contributions, Legacy, Honours, Memorials, Patents

Other articles related to "james watt, watt":

James Watt - Patents
... Watt was the sole inventor listed on his six patents Patent 913 A method of lessening the consumption of steam in steam engines-the separate condenser ...
St Mary's Church, Handsworth - Boulton, Watt & Murdoch Memorials
... James Watt lived in Handsworth and is chiefly remembered as the inventor of the separate condenser, the greatest single improvement ever made to the steam ... his engineering talent to realising Watt's idea ... It was to follow that Boulton and Watt became one of the most famous partnerships in industrial history ...
James Watt International Medal
... The James Watt Medal is the name of two awards named after Scottish engineer James Watt, both awarded for excellence in engineering ...
Light At The End Of The Tunnel (musical Number) - Lyrics - Reference To James Watt
... a chorus which pay respect the father of steam, James Watt ... It's the power of James Watt, the steaming Scot 'The man who watched the pot and said, "Hey, I've got 'A brilliant plot, when that steam is hot 'It seems to make a lot of power" and later 'Thanks James Watt (Thank ... Watt) 'For watching that pot ...
Copying - In Office Work
... In 1780 James Watt obtained a patent for letter copying presses, which James Watt Co ... both stationary and portable presses made by James Watt Co ...

Famous quotes containing the words watt and/or james:

    Herein is the explanation of the analogies, which exist in all the arts. They are the re-appearance of one mind, working in many materials to many temporary ends. Raphael paints wisdom, Handel sings it, Phidias carves it, Shakspeare writes it, Wren builds it, Columbus sails it, Luther preaches it, Washington arms it, Watt mechanizes it. Painting was called “silent poetry,” and poetry “speaking painting.” The laws of each art are convertible into the laws of every other.
    Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803–1882)

    In museums and palaces we are alternate radicals and conservatives.
    —Henry James (1843–1816)