Jackie Robinson

Jackie Robinson

Jack Roosevelt "Jackie" Robinson (January 31, 1919 – October 24, 1972) was an American baseball player who became the first black Major League Baseball (MLB) player of the modern era. Robinson broke the baseball color line when he debuted with the Brooklyn Dodgers in 1947. As the first black man to play in the major leagues since the 1880s, he was instrumental in bringing an end to racial segregation in professional baseball, which had relegated black players to the Negro leagues for six decades. Signs of racial discrimination in professional sports continued to decline over the latter half of the twentieth century. The example of his character and unquestionable talent challenged the traditional basis of segregation, which then marked many other aspects of American life, and contributed significantly to the Civil Rights Movement.

In addition to his cultural impact, Robinson had an exceptional baseball career. Over ten seasons, he played in six World Series and contributed to the Dodgers' 1955 World Championship. He was selected for six consecutive All-Star Games from 1949 to 1954, was the recipient of the inaugural MLB Rookie of the Year Award in 1947, and won the National League Most Valuable Player Award in 1949—the first black player so honored. Robinson was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1962. In 1997, Major League Baseball "universally" retired his uniform number, 42, across all major league teams; the first pro athlete in any sport to be so honored. Since that time, Major League Baseball has adopted a new annual tradition, "Jackie Robinson Day," in which all players on all teams wear #42.

Robinson was also known for his pursuits outside the baseball diamond. He was the first black television analyst in Major League Baseball, and the first black vice-president of a major American corporation. In the 1960s, he helped establish the Freedom National Bank, an African-American-owned financial institution based in Harlem, New York. In recognition of his achievements on and off the field, Robinson was posthumously awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom and the Congressional Gold Medal.

Read more about Jackie RobinsonEarly Life, Military Career, Post-military, Legacy, Post-baseball Life, Family Life and Death, Awards and Recognition

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... DH Coach Retired 2009 Carlton Fisk C Retired 2000 Jackie Robinson – League Wide Retired 1997 See also List of Major League Baseball retired numbers The most recent number retirement was on July ... In commemoration of Jackie Robinson Day, MLB invited players to wear the number 42 for games played on April 15, Coco Crisp (CF), David Ortiz (DH), and DeMarlo Hale (Coach) did that in 2007 and ... Starting in 2009, MLB had all uniformed players for all teams wear #42 for Jackie Robinson Day ...
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... Hank Aaron's 44, Dale Murphy's 3, Phil Niekro's 35, Eddie Matthews' 41, Warren Spahn's 21 and Jackie Robinson's 42, which is retired for all of baseball with the exception of Yankees' pitcher Mariano Rivera and ... time the person was on the team (excluding Robinson) ... P John Smoltz P Greg Maddux P Phil Niekro P Eddie Mathews 3B Jackie Robinson – Hank Aaron OF Tom Glavine P ...
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... According to a poll conducted in 1947, Robinson was the second most popular man in the country, behind Bing Crosby ... Robinson was among the 25 charter members of UCLA’s Athletics Hall of Fame in 1984 ... In 2002, Molefi Kete Asante included Robinson on his list of 100 Greatest African Americans ...
Jackie Robinson (disambiguation)
... Jackie Robinson (1919–1972) was the first African-American major league baseball player of the modern era ... Jackie Robinson may also refer to Jackie Robinson (basketball) (born 1955), American professional basketball player Jackie Robinson (footballer) (1917–1 ...

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