International Humanitarian Law

International humanitarian law (IHL), or the law of armed conflict, is the law that regulates the conduct of armed conflicts (jus in bello). It comprises "the Geneva Conventions and the Hague Conventions, as well as subsequent treaties, case law, and customary international law." It defines the conduct and responsibilities of belligerent nations, neutral nations and individuals engaged in warfare, in relation to each other and to protected persons, usually meaning civilians.

Serious violations of international humanitarian law are called war crimes. International humanitarian law, jus in bello regulates the conduct of forces when engaged in war or armed conflict. It is distinct from jus ad bellum which regulates the conduct of engaging in war or armed conflict and includes crimes against peace and of war of aggression. Together the jus in bello and jus ad bellum comprise the two strands laws of war governing all aspects of international armed conflicts.

The law is mandatory for nations bound by the appropriate treaties. There are also other customary unwritten rules of war, many of which were explored at the Nuremberg War Trials. By extension, they also define both the permissive rights of these powers as well as prohibitions on their conduct when dealing with irregular forces and non-signatories.

International humanitarian law operates on a strict division between rules applicable in international armed conflict and those relevant to armed conflicts not of an international nature. This dichotomy is widely criticized.

Read more about International Humanitarian Law:  Two Historical Streams: The Law of Geneva and The Law of The Hague, The Law of Geneva, Geneva Conventions, Historical Convergence Between IHL and The Laws of War, Basic Rules of IHL, International Committee of The Red Cross, Violations and Punishment

Other articles related to "international humanitarian law, international, laws, law, international humanitarian, humanitarian law":

Proportionality (law) - International Humanitarian Law
... Luis Moreno-Ocampo was the Chief Prosecutor at the International Criminal Court who investigated allegations of War Crimes during the 2003 invasion of Iraq ... elucidates this use of proportionality Under international humanitarian law and the Rome Statute, the death of civilians during an armed conflict, no matter how grave and regrettable ... International humanitarian law and the Rome Statute permit belligerents to carry out proportionate attacks against military objectives, even when it is known that some civilian deaths ...
International Humanitarian Law - Violations and Punishment
... During conflict, punishment for violating the laws of war may consist of a specific, deliberate and limited violation of the laws of war in reprisal ... Soldiers who break specific provisions of the laws of war lose the protections and status afforded as prisoners of war but only after facing a "competent tribunal" (GC III Art 5) ... Spies and terrorists are only protected by the laws of war if the power which holds them is in a state of armed conflict or war and until they are found to be an unlawful combatant ...
Comprehensive Convention On International Terrorism - Proposed Comprehensive Definition of Terrorism
... Being a criminal law instrument, the definition of terrorism to be included in the proposed Convention must have, in the words of Carlos Diaz-Paniagua ... population, or to compel a Government or an international organization to do or abstain from doing any act." This definition is not controversial in itself the ... and responsibilities of States, peoples and individuals under international law, in particular the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations ...
Commission Of Inquiry On Darfur - Details
... alia, that the Secretary-General ‘rapidly establish an international commission of inquiry in order immediately to investigate reports of violations of international humanitarian ... Commission endeavoured to fulfil four key tasks (1) to investigate reports of violations of international humanitarian law and human rights law in Darfur by all parties (2) to determine whether or not ... findings in relation to i) violations of international human rights and humanitarian law by all parties ii) whether or not acts of genocide have taken place iii) the identification of ...
Definitions Of Terrorism - In International Law - Comprehensive Conventions - Proposed Comprehensive Convention On International Terrorism
... Since 2000, the United Nations General Assembly has been negotiating a Comprehensive Convention on International Terrorism ... is to intimidate a population, or to compel a Government or an international organization to do or abstain from doing any act." That definition is not controversial in itself ... affect other rights, obligations and responsibilities of States, peoples and individuals under international law, in particular the purposes and principles of the Charter of the ...

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