Indian Railways

Indian Railways (reporting mark IR) is an Indian state-owned enterprise, owned and operated by the government of India through the Ministry of Railways. It is one of the world's largest railway networks comprising 115,000 km (71,000 mi) of track over a route of 65,000 km (40,000 mi) and 7,500 stations. IR carries about 7,500 million passengers annually or more than 20 million passengers daily (more than a half of which are suburban passengers) and 2.8 million tons of freight daily. In 2011-2012 Indian Railways earned 104,278.79 crore (US$18.98 billion) which consists of 69,675.97 crore (US$12.68 billion) from freight and 28,645.52 crore (US$5.21 billion) from passengers tickets.

Railways were first introduced to India in 1853 from Bombay to Thane. In 1951 the systems were nationalized as one unit, the Indian Railways, becoming one of the largest networks in the world. IR operates both long distance and suburban rail systems on a multi-gauge network of broad, metre and narrow gauges. It also owns locomotive and coach production facilities at several places in India and are assigned codes identifying their gauge, kind of power and type of operation. Its operations cover twenty four states and three union territories and also provides limited international services to Nepal, Bangladesh and Pakistan.

Indian Railways is the world's ninth largest commercial or utility employer, by number of employees, with over 1.4 million employees. As for rolling stock, IR holds over 229,381 Freight Wagons, 59,713 Passenger Coaches and 9,213 Locomotives. The trains have a 5 digit numbering system as the Indian Railways runs about 10,000 trains daily. As of 31 March 2012, 22,224 km (13,809 mi) (34%) of the total 65,000 km (40,000 mi) km route length was electrified. Since 1960, almost all electrified sections on IR use 25,000 Volt AC traction through overhead catenary delivery.

Read more about Indian Railways:  History, Freight, Railway Links To Adjacent Countries, Types of Passenger Services, Accommodation Classes, Notable Trains and Achievements, Problems and Issues

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... At the time of integration of the Indian Railway system in 1952, there were 41 repair workshops dealing with periodic overhaul of coaches, wagons and locomotives ... The last quarter century of planned development of Indian Railways has witnessed extensive changes in the mode of traction as well as development of new types of coaches and wagons ... period was less than 2.5% of the total plan outlay on the railways ...
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... name Railroad Train endpoints Cachar Express Indian Railways Lumding–Silchar Capital Express Indian Railways Danapur–New Jalpaiguri Indian Railways Danapur–Kamakhya ...
... In the early 1960s Indian Railways needed a reliable diesel workhorse to gradually replace its steam locomotive fleet ... Indian Railways was keen on producing these locomotives in the country rather than depending on imports ... importing a couple of batches of this locomotive, Indian Railways started manufacturing them in India itself and also introduced modified variants of the same locomotive ...
St Joseph's College, Nainital - Notable Alumni - Public Service
... India, Posts Mukul Pande - # General Manager, Western Railway, Indian Railways L.S ... Trilok Nath Perti - General Manager, South Western Railway, Indian Railways Vikram Srivastava - Director General of Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) Anup ... India Ltd, Ministry of Petroleum Ravi Kochak - CDE, Rail Coach Factory, Indian Railways Melville D.J ...
Indian Railways - Problems and Issues
... Indian Railways has outdated communication, safety and signaling equipment on many of its tracks ... New railway line projects are announced without securing funding for them ... However, the railway budget for 2012-13 provided only Rs.130 billion for the projects ...

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