The Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) (Kyūjitai: 大日本帝國海軍 Shinjitai: 大日本帝国海軍 Dai-Nippon Teikoku Kaigun or 日本海軍 Nippon Kaigun, literally "navy of the greater Japanese empire") was the navy of the Empire of Japan from 1869 until 1947, when it was dissolved following Japan's constitutional renunciation of the use of force as a means of settling international disputes. The Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force (JMSDF) was formed after the dissolution of the IJN.
The Japanese Navy was the third largest navy in the world by 1920, behind the Royal Navy and United States Navy. It was supported by the Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service for aircraft and airstrike operation from the fleet. It was the primary opponent of the Western Allies in the Pacific War.
The origins of the Imperial Japanese Navy go back to early interactions with nations on the Asian continent, beginning in the early medieval period and reaching a peak of activity during the 16th and 17th centuries at a time of cultural exchange with European powers during the Age of Discovery. After two centuries of stagnation during the country's ensuing seclusion policy under the shoguns of the Edo period, Japan's navy was comparatively backward when the country was forced open to trade by American intervention in 1854. This eventually led to the Meiji Restoration. Accompanying the re-ascendance of the Emperor came a period of frantic modernization and industrialization. The navy's history of successes, sometimes against much more powerful foes as in the Sino-Japanese war and the Russo-Japanese War, ended in almost complete annihilation during the concluding days of World War II, largely by the United States Navy (USN).
Read more about Imperial Japanese Navy: Origins, Creation of The Imperial Japanese Navy (1869), Sino-Japanese War (1894–1895), Suppression of The Boxer Rebellion (1900), Russo-Japanese War (1904–1905), Towards An Autonomous National Navy, World War I, Interwar Years, World War II, Self-Defense Forces
... Kaigun Strategy, Tactics, and Technology in the Imperial Japanese Navy, 1887-1941 ... The Fighting Ships of the Rising Sun The Drama of the Imperial Japanese Navy, 1895-1945 ... Warships of the Imperial Japanese Navy, 1869-1945 ...
... at the conclusion of World War II and Japan's subsequent occupation, Japan's entire imperial military was dissolved in the new 1947 constitution which states, "The Japanese people forever renounce war ...
... Kaigun Strategy, Tactics, and Technology in the Imperial Japanese Navy, 1887-1941 ... The Fighting Ships of the Rising Sun The Drama of the Imperial Japanese Navy, 1895–1945 ... Warships of the Imperial Japanese Navy, 1869–1945 ...
... Line 16 March Japan Uraga Dock Company Uraga Abukuma Nagara-class cruiser For Imperial Japanese Navy 31 March USA William Cramp and Sons Philadelphia S-43 S ... Corporation Quincy, Massachusetts S-46 S-class submarine For United States Navy 12 September Norway Trondhjems mekaniske Værksted Trondheim Nordnorge Cargo liner For Ofotens Dampskibsselskap 9 October ...
... Notes 15 January United Kingdom Yarrow Shipbuilders Glasgow Ambuscade Destroyer For Royal Navy 27 January United Kingdom John I Thornycroft Ltd Woolston Amazon ... Oxley Odin-class submarine For Royal Navy 12 July Japan Sasebo Naval Arsenal Sasebo Mikazuki Mutsuki-class destroyer For Imperial Japanese Navy 24 August United Kingdom Hawthorn Leslie ...
Famous quotes containing the words navy, imperial and/or japanese:
“People run away from the name subsidy. It is a subsidy. I am not afraid to call it so. It is paid for the purpose of giving a merchant marine to the whole country so that the trade of the whole country will be benefitted thereby, and the men running the ships will of course make a reasonable profit.... Unless we have a merchant marine, our navy if called upon for offensive or defensive work is going to be most defective.”
—William Howard Taft (18571930)
“The imperial votaress passed on,
In maiden meditation, fancy-free.”
—William Shakespeare (15641616)
“A pragmatic race, the Japanese appear to have decided long ago that the only reason for drinking alcohol is to become intoxicated and therefore drink only when they wish to be drunk.
So I went out into the night and the neon and let the crowd pull me along, walking blind, willing myself to be just a segment of that mass organism, just one more drifting chip of consciousness under the geodesics.”
—William Gibson (b. 1948)